5JPE

Yeast-specific serine/threonine protein phosphatase (PPZ1) of Candida albicans


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.61 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.195 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Molecular Insights into the Fungus-Specific Serine/Threonine Protein Phosphatase Z1 in Candida albicans.

Chen, E.Choy, M.S.Petrenyi, K.Konya, Z.Erdodi, F.Dombradi, V.Peti, W.Page, R.

(2016) mBio 7

  • DOI: 10.1128/mBio.00872-16
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5JPE, 5JPF

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The opportunistic pathogen Candida is one of the most common causes of nosocomial bloodstream infections. Because candidemia is associated with high mortality rates and because the incidences of multidrug-resistant Candida are increasing, efforts to identify novel targets for the development of potent antifungals are warranted ...

    The opportunistic pathogen Candida is one of the most common causes of nosocomial bloodstream infections. Because candidemia is associated with high mortality rates and because the incidences of multidrug-resistant Candida are increasing, efforts to identify novel targets for the development of potent antifungals are warranted. Here, we describe the structure and function of the first member of a family of protein phosphatases that is specific to fungi, protein phosphatase Z1 (PPZ1) from Candida albicans We show that PPZ1 not only is active but also is as susceptible to inhibition by the cyclic peptide inhibitor microcystin-LR as its most similar human homolog, protein phosphatase 1α (PP1α [GLC7 in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae]). Unexpectedly, we also discovered that, despite its 66% sequence identity to PP1α, the catalytic domain of PPZ1 contains novel structural elements that are not present in PP1α. We then used activity and pulldown assays to show that these structural differences block a large subset of PP1/GLC7 regulatory proteins from effectively binding PPZ1, demonstrating that PPZ1 does not compete with GLC7 for its regulatory proteins. Equally important, these unique structural elements provide new pockets suitable for the development of PPZ1-specific inhibitors. Together, these studies not only reveal why PPZ1 does not negatively impact GLC7 activity in vivo but also demonstrate that the family of fungus-specific phosphatases-especially PPZ1 from C. albicans-are highly suitable targets for the development of novel drugs that specifically target C. albicans without cross-reacting with human phosphatases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology, Cell Biology and Biochemistry, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA rebecca_page@brown.edu.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Serine/threonine-protein phosphataseA, B311Candida albicansMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CAWG_01946
EC: 3.1.3.16
UniProt
Find proteins for C4YM68 (Candida albicans (strain WO-1))
Explore C4YM68 
Go to UniProtKB:  C4YM68
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupC4YM68
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FLC
Query on FLC

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A],
D [auth B]
CITRATE ANION
C6 H5 O7
KRKNYBCHXYNGOX-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth B]GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.61 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.195 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 144.975α = 90
b = 183.727β = 90
c = 69.038γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH/NIGMS)United StatesR01GM098482

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2016-08-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-09-07
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-09-13
    Changes: Author supporting evidence, Derived calculations
  • Version 1.3: 2019-12-25
    Changes: Author supporting evidence