Structure of the homodimeric androgen receptor ligand-binding domain.Nadal, M., Prekovic, S., Gallastegui, N., Helsen, C., Abella, M., Zielinska, K., Gay, M., Vilaseca, M., Taules, M., Houtsmuller, A.B., van Royen, M.E., Claessens, F., Fuentes-Prior, P., Estebanez-Perpina, E.
(2017) Nat Commun 8: 14388-14388
- PubMed: 28165461
- DOI: 10.1038/ncomms14388
- PubMed Abstract:
The androgen receptor (AR) plays a crucial role in normal physiology, development and metabolism as well as in the aetiology and treatment of diverse pathologies such as androgen insensitivity syndromes (AIS), male infertility and prostate cancer (PC ...
The androgen receptor (AR) plays a crucial role in normal physiology, development and metabolism as well as in the aetiology and treatment of diverse pathologies such as androgen insensitivity syndromes (AIS), male infertility and prostate cancer (PCa). Here we show that dimerization of AR ligand-binding domain (LBD) is induced by receptor agonists but not by antagonists. The 2.15-Å crystal structure of homodimeric, agonist- and coactivator peptide-bound AR-LBD unveils a 1,000-Å 2 large dimerization surface, which harbours over 40 previously unexplained AIS- and PCa-associated point mutations. An AIS mutation in the self-association interface (P767A) disrupts dimer formation in vivo, and has a detrimental effect on the transactivating properties of full-length AR, despite retained hormone-binding capacity. The conservation of essential residues suggests that the unveiled dimerization mechanism might be shared by other nuclear receptors. Our work defines AR-LBD homodimerization as an essential step in the proper functioning of this important transcription factor.
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biomedicine, Institute of Biomedicine (IBUB) of the University of Barcelona (UB), Barcelona 08028, Spain.,Mass Spectrometry Core Facility, Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Barcelona 08028, Spain.,Molecular Endocrinology Laboratory, KU Leuven, Herestraat 49, Leuven 3000, Belgium.,Molecular Bases of Disease, Biomedical Research Institute Sant Pau (IIB Sant Pau), Barcelona 08025, Spain.,Bases Estructurals de Processos Fisiopatològics Fonamentals, 2014-SGR-01214, Agència de Gestió d'Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca (AGAUR), Barcelona 08010, Spain.,Erasmus Optical Imaging Centre, Erasmus MC, Wytemaweg 80, Rotterdam 3015 CN, The Netherlands.,Department of Pathology, Erasmus MC, Wytemaweg 80, Rotterdam 3015 CN, The Netherlands.,Unitat de Citometria, Centres Científics I Tecnològics (CCIT), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Barcelona 08028, Spain.