5J3D

Crystal structure of human Fab 14N4 in complex with post-fusion RSV F


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 4.08 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.282 
  • R-Value Work: 0.257 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.258 

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Literature

Structural basis for nonneutralizing antibody competition at antigenic site II of the respiratory syncytial virus fusion protein.

Mousa, J.J.Sauer, M.F.Sevy, A.M.Finn, J.A.Bates, J.T.Alvarado, G.King, H.G.Loerinc, L.B.Fong, R.H.Doranz, B.J.Correia, B.E.Kalyuzhniy, O.Wen, X.Jardetzky, T.S.Schief, W.R.Ohi, M.D.Meiler, J.Crowe, J.E.

(2016) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 113: E6849-E6858

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1609449113
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5ITB, 5J3D

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Palivizumab was the first antiviral monoclonal antibody (mAb) approved for therapeutic use in humans, and remains a prophylactic treatment for infants at risk for severe disease because of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Palivizumab is an engineered humanized version of a murine mAb targeting antigenic site II of the RSV fusion (F) protein, a key target in vaccine development ...

    Palivizumab was the first antiviral monoclonal antibody (mAb) approved for therapeutic use in humans, and remains a prophylactic treatment for infants at risk for severe disease because of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Palivizumab is an engineered humanized version of a murine mAb targeting antigenic site II of the RSV fusion (F) protein, a key target in vaccine development. There are limited reported naturally occurring human mAbs to site II; therefore, the structural basis for human antibody recognition of this major antigenic site is poorly understood. Here, we describe a nonneutralizing class of site II-specific mAbs that competed for binding with palivizumab to postfusion RSV F protein. We also describe two classes of site II-specific neutralizing mAbs, one of which escaped competition with nonneutralizing mAbs. An X-ray crystal structure of the neutralizing mAb 14N4 in complex with F protein showed that the binding angle at which human neutralizing mAbs interact with antigenic site II determines whether or not nonneutralizing antibodies compete with their binding. Fine-mapping studies determined that nonneutralizing mAbs that interfere with binding of neutralizing mAbs recognize site II with a pose that facilitates binding to an epitope containing F surface residues on a neighboring protomer. Neutralizing antibodies, like motavizumab and a new mAb designated 3J20 that escape interference by the inhibiting mAbs, avoid such contact by binding at an angle that is shifted away from the nonneutralizing site. Furthermore, binding to rationally and computationally designed site II helix-loop-helix epitope-scaffold vaccines distinguished neutralizing from nonneutralizing site II antibodies.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
14N4 heavy chainA, C, H224Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
14N4 light chainB, D, L218Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Fusion glycoprotein F0E, G, J73Respiratory syncytial virusMutation(s): 0 
UniProt
Find proteins for P03420 (Human respiratory syncytial virus A (strain A2))
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Go to UniProtKB:  P03420
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Fusion glycoprotein F0F, I, K394Respiratory syncytial virusMutation(s): 0 
UniProt
Find proteins for P03420 (Human respiratory syncytial virus A (strain A2))
Explore P03420 
Go to UniProtKB:  P03420
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 4.08 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.282 
  • R-Value Work: 0.257 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.258 
  • Space Group: P 42 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 235.13α = 90
b = 235.13β = 90
c = 220.142γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
XDSdata scaling
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2016-10-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-11-23
    Changes: Database references