5GWK

Human topoisomerase IIalpha in complex with DNA and etoposide


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.205 

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Producing irreversible topoisomerase II-mediated DNA breaks by site-specific Pt(II)-methionine coordination chemistry

Wang, Y.R.Chen, S.F.Wu, C.C.Liao, Y.W.Lin, T.S.Liu, K.T.Chen, Y.S.Li, T.K.Chien, T.C.Chan, N.L.

(2017) Nucleic Acids Res 45: 10861-10871

  • DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkx742
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5GWJ, 5GWI, 5GWK

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human type II topoisomerase (Top2) isoforms, hTop2α and hTop2β, are targeted by some of the most successful anticancer drugs. These drugs induce Top2-mediated DNA cleavage to trigger cell-death pathways. The potency of these drugs correlates positively with their efficacy in stabilizing the enzyme-mediated DNA breaks ...

    Human type II topoisomerase (Top2) isoforms, hTop2α and hTop2β, are targeted by some of the most successful anticancer drugs. These drugs induce Top2-mediated DNA cleavage to trigger cell-death pathways. The potency of these drugs correlates positively with their efficacy in stabilizing the enzyme-mediated DNA breaks. Structural analysis of hTop2α and hTop2β revealed the presence of methionine residues in the drug-binding pocket, we therefore tested whether a tighter Top2-drug association may be accomplished by introducing a methionine-reactive Pt2+ into a drug to further stabilize the DNA break. Herein, we synthesized an organoplatinum compound, etoplatin-N2β, by replacing the methionine-juxtaposing group of the drug etoposide with a cis-dichlorodiammineplatinum(II) moiety. Compared to etoposide, etoplatin-N2β more potently inhibits both human Top2s. While the DNA breaks arrested by etoposide can be rejoined, those captured by etoplatin-N2β are practically irreversible. Crystallographic analyses of hTop2β complexed with DNA and etoplatin-N2β demonstrate coordinate bond formation between Pt2+ and a flanking methionine. Notably, this stable coordinate tether can be loosened by disrupting the structural integrity of drug-binding pocket, suggesting that Pt2+ coordination chemistry may allow for the development of potent inhibitors with protein conformation-dependent reversibility. This approach may be exploited to achieve isoform-specific targeting of human Top2s.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Biochemistry, College of Life Sciences, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA topoisomerase 2-alphaA, B806Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: TOP2ATOP2
EC: 5.99.1.3 (PDB Primary Data), 5.6.2.2 (UniProt)
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P11388 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P11388 
Go to UniProtKB:  P11388
PHAROS:  P11388
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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  • Entity ID: 2
    MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
    DNA (5'-D(P*AP*GP*CP*CP*GP*AP*GP*C)-3')C, E8synthetic construct
    Protein Feature View
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    • Reference Sequence
    • Find similar nucleic acids by:  Sequence   |   Structure
    • Entity ID: 3
      MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
      DNA (5'-D(P*TP*GP*CP*AP*GP*CP*TP*CP*GP*GP*CP*T)-3')D, F12synthetic construct
      Protein Feature View
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      • Reference Sequence
      Small Molecules
      Ligands 2 Unique
      IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
      EVP (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
      Query on EVP

      Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
      L [auth D], N [auth F](5S,5aR,8aR,9R)-9-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-8-oxo-5,5a,6,8,8a,9-hexahydrofuro[3',4':6,7]naphtho[2,3-d][1,3]dioxol -5-yl 4,6-O-[(1R)-ethylidene]-beta-D-glucopyranoside
      C29 H32 O13
      VJJPUSNTGOMMGY-MRVIYFEKSA-N
       Ligand Interaction
      MG
      Query on MG

      Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
      G [auth A], H [auth A], I [auth B], J [auth B], K [auth D], M [auth F]MAGNESIUM ION
      Mg
      JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
       Ligand Interaction
      Binding Affinity Annotations 
      IDSourceBinding Affinity
      EVP BindingDB:  5GWK IC50: min: 2.18e+4, max: 1.20e+5 (nM) from 14 assay(s)
      Experimental Data & Validation

      Experimental Data

      • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
      • Resolution: 3.15 Å
      • R-Value Free: 0.244 
      • R-Value Work: 0.203 
      • R-Value Observed: 0.205 
      • Space Group: P 21 2 21
      Unit Cell:
      Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
      a = 105.113α = 90
      b = 126.155β = 90
      c = 198.856γ = 90
      Software Package:
      Software NamePurpose
      PHENIXrefinement
      HKL-2000data collection
      HKL-2000data processing
      HKL-2000data scaling
      HKL-2000data reduction
      PHENIXphasing

      Structure Validation

      View Full Validation Report



      Ligand Structure Quality Assessment  



      Entry History 

      Deposition Data

      Revision History  (Full details and data files)

      • Version 1.0: 2017-08-23
        Type: Initial release
      • Version 1.1: 2017-11-08
        Changes: Database references, Source and taxonomy