4ZRN

Crystal Structure of UDP-Glucose 4-Epimerase (TM0509) with UDP-glucose from Hyperthermophilic Eubacterium Thermotoga Maritima


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.197 
  • R-Value Work: 0.164 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.166 

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Literature

The structural basis of substrate promiscuity in UDP-hexose 4-epimerase from the hyperthermophilic Eubacterium Thermotoga maritima

Shin, S.M.Choi, J.M.di Luccio, E.Lee, Y.J.Lee, S.J.Lee, S.J.Lee, S.H.Lee, D.W.

(2015) Arch Biochem Biophys 585: 39-51

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.abb.2015.08.025
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4ZRM, 4ZRN

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    UDP-galactose 4-epimerase (GalE) catalyzes the interconversion of UDP-glucose (UDP-Glc) and UDP-galactose (UDP-Gal), which is a pivotal step in the Leloir pathway for d-galactose metabolism. Although GalE is widely distributed in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, little information is available regarding hyperthermophilic GalE. We overexpressed the TM0509 gene, encoding a putative GalE from Thermotoga maritima (TMGalE), in Escherichia coli and characterized the encoded protein. To further investigate the molecular basis of this enzyme's catalytic function, we determined the crystal structures of TMGalE and TMGalE bound to UDP-Glc at resolutions of 1.9 Å and 2.0 Å, respectively. The enzyme was determined to be a homodimer with a molecular mass of 70 kDa. The enzyme could reversibly catalyze the epimerization of UDP-GalNAc/UDP-GlcNAc as well as UDP-Gal/UDP-Glc at elevated temperatures, with an apparent optimal temperature and pH of 80 °C and 7.0, respectively. Our data showed that TM0509 is a UDP-galactosugar 4-epimerase involved in d-galactose metabolism; consequently, this study provides the first detailed characterization of a hyperthermophilic GalE. Moreover, the promiscuous substrate specificity of TMGalE, which is more similar to human GalE than E. coli GalE, supports the notion that TMGalE might exhibit the earliest form of sugar-epimerizing enzymes in the evolution of galactose metabolism.


  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Chosun University School of Medicine, Gwangju 501-759, South Korea.


Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
UDP-glucose 4-epimerase
A, B
312Thermotoga maritima MSB8Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: TM_0509THEMA_02130Tmari_0505
EC: 5.1.3.2
UniProt
Find proteins for Q9WYX9 (Thermotoga maritima (strain ATCC 43589 / DSM 3109 / JCM 10099 / NBRC 100826 / MSB8))
Explore Q9WYX9 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9WYX9
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ9WYX9
Sequence Annotations
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.197 
  • R-Value Work: 0.164 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.166 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 82.108α = 90
b = 149.937β = 90
c = 61.124γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
Cootmodel building
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2015-09-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-10-14
    Changes: Database references