4YR0

Mutant Human DNA Polymerase Eta R61M Inserting dCTP Opposite an 8-Oxoguanine Lesion


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.78 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.212 
  • R-Value Work: 0.172 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 2.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Roles of Residues Arg-61 and Gln-38 of Human DNA Polymerase eta in Bypass of Deoxyguanosine and 7,8-Dihydro-8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine.

Su, Y.Patra, A.Harp, J.M.Egli, M.Guengerich, F.P.

(2015) J.Biol.Chem. 290: 15921-15933

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M115.653691
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Like the other Y-family DNA polymerases, human DNA polymerase η (hpol η) has relatively low fidelity and is able to tolerate damage during DNA synthesis, including 7,8-dihydro-8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxoG), one of the most abundant DNA lesions in ...

    Like the other Y-family DNA polymerases, human DNA polymerase η (hpol η) has relatively low fidelity and is able to tolerate damage during DNA synthesis, including 7,8-dihydro-8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxoG), one of the most abundant DNA lesions in the genome. Crystal structures show that Arg-61 and Gln-38 are located near the active site and may play important roles in the fidelity and efficiency of hpol η. Site-directed mutagenesis was used to replace these side chains either alone or together, and the wild type or mutant proteins were purified and tested by replicating DNA past deoxyguanosine (G) or 8-oxoG. The catalytic activity of hpol η was dramatically disrupted by the R61M and Q38A/R61A mutations, as opposed to the R61A and Q38A single mutants. Crystal structures of hpol η mutant ternary complexes reveal that polarized water molecules can mimic and partially compensate for the missing side chains of Arg-61 and Gln-38 in the Q38A/R61A mutant. The combined data indicate that the positioning and positive charge of Arg-61 synergistically contribute to the nucleotidyl transfer reaction, with additional influence exerted by Gln-38. In addition, gel filtration chromatography separated multimeric and monomeric forms of wild type and mutant hpol η, indicating the possibility that hpol η forms multimers in vivo.


    Organizational Affiliation

    From the Department of Biochemistry and Center in Molecular Toxicology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-0146 f.guengerich@vanderbilt.edu.,From the Department of Biochemistry and Center in Molecular Toxicology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-0146.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA polymerase eta
A
435Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: POLH (RAD30, RAD30A, XPV)
EC: 2.7.7.7
Find proteins for Q9Y253 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: POLH
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9Y253
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA (5'-D(P*TP*(8OG)P*AP*TP*GP*AP*CP*GP*CP*T)-3')T12synthetic construct
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA (5'-D(*AP*GP*CP*GP*TP*CP*AP*T)-3')P8synthetic construct
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
DCP
Query on DCP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
2'-DEOXYCYTIDINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C9 H16 N3 O13 P3
RGWHQCVHVJXOKC-SHYZEUOFSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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Download CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

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Download CCD File 
A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
8OG
Query on 8OG
T
DNA LINKINGC10 H14 N5 O8 PDG
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.78 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.212 
  • R-Value Work: 0.172 
  • Space Group: P 61
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 98.727α = 90.00
b = 98.727β = 90.00
c = 82.446γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
ARPmodel building
PHASERphasing
HKL-2000data reduction
Cootmodel building
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIH/NIEHS)United StatesR01 ES010375
National Institutes of Health/National Cancer Institute (NIH/NCI)United StatesP01 CA160032

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-05-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-05-20
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2015-07-08
    Type: Database references
  • Version 2.0: 2017-09-20
    Type: Advisory, Atomic model, Author supporting evidence, Database references, Derived calculations, Source and taxonomy
  • Version 2.1: 2019-12-04
    Type: Author supporting evidence