4XPN

Crystal Structure of Protein Phosphate 1 complexed with PP1 binding domain of GADD34

  • Classification: HYDROLASE
  • Organism(s): Homo sapiens
  • Expression System: Escherichia coli
  • Mutation(s): No 

  • Deposited: 2015-01-17 Released: 2015-07-01 
  • Deposition Author(s): Choy, M.S., Peti, W., Page, R.
  • Funding Organization(s): National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH/NIGMS)

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.29 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.205 
  • R-Value Work: 0.159 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.161 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural and Functional Analysis of the GADD34:PP1 eIF2 alpha Phosphatase.

Choy, M.S.Yusoff, P.Lee, I.C.Newton, J.C.Goh, C.W.Page, R.Shenolikar, S.Peti, W.

(2015) Cell Rep 11: 1885-1891

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2015.05.043
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4XPN

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The attenuation of protein synthesis via the phosphorylation of eIF2α is a major stress response of all eukaryotic cells. The growth-arrest- and DNA-damage-induced transcript 34 (GADD34) bound to the serine/threonine protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) is the necessary eIF2α phosphatase complex that returns mammalian cells to normal protein synthesis following stress ...

    The attenuation of protein synthesis via the phosphorylation of eIF2α is a major stress response of all eukaryotic cells. The growth-arrest- and DNA-damage-induced transcript 34 (GADD34) bound to the serine/threonine protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) is the necessary eIF2α phosphatase complex that returns mammalian cells to normal protein synthesis following stress. The molecular basis by which GADD34 recruits PP1 and its substrate eIF2α are not fully understood, hindering our understanding of the remarkable selectivity of the GADD34:PP1 phosphatase for eIF2α. Here, we report detailed structural and functional analyses of the GADD34:PP1 holoenzyme and its recruitment of eIF2α. The data highlight independent interactions of PP1 and eIF2α with GADD34, demonstrating that GADD34 functions as a scaffold both in vitro and in cells. This work greatly enhances our molecular understanding of a major cellular eIF2α phosphatase and establishes the foundation for future translational work.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Pharmacology, Physiology and Biotechnology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA; Department of Chemistry, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA. Electronic address: wolfgang_peti@brown.edu.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Serine/threonine-protein phosphatase PP1-alpha catalytic subunitA, C299Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PPP1CAPPP1A
EC: 3.1.3.16
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P62136 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P62136 
Go to UniProtKB:  P62136
PHAROS:  P62136
GTEx:  ENSG00000172531 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP62136
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Protein phosphatase 1 regulatory subunit 15AB, D43Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PPP1R15AGADD34
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for O75807 (Homo sapiens)
Explore O75807 
Go to UniProtKB:  O75807
PHAROS:  O75807
GTEx:  ENSG00000087074 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupO75807
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.29 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.205 
  • R-Value Work: 0.159 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.161 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 64.311α = 90
b = 112.853β = 90
c = 125.013γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
PHASERphasing
HKL-2000data scaling
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH/NIGMS)United StatesR01GM098482

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2015-07-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-07-08
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2015-07-15
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-09-27
    Changes: Author supporting evidence, Derived calculations, Refinement description, Source and taxonomy
  • Version 1.4: 2019-12-25
    Changes: Author supporting evidence