4TXV

Crystal structure of the mixed disulfide intermediate between thioredoxin-like TlpAs(C110S) and subunit II of cytochrome c oxidase CoxBPD (C233S)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.212 
  • R-Value Work: 0.163 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.165 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 2.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

How Periplasmic Thioredoxin TlpA Reduces Bacterial Copper Chaperone ScoI and Cytochrome Oxidase Subunit II (CoxB) Prior to Metallation.

Abicht, H.K.Scharer, M.A.Quade, N.Ledermann, R.Mohorko, E.Capitani, G.Hennecke, H.Glockshuber, R.

(2014) J Biol Chem 289: 32431-32444

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M114.607127
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4TXV, 4TXO

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Two critical cysteine residues in the copper-A site (Cu(A)) on subunit II (CoxB) of bacterial cytochrome c oxidase lie on the periplasmic side of the cytoplasmic membrane. As the periplasm is an oxidizing environment as compared with the reducing cytoplasm, the prediction was that a disulfide bond formed between these cysteines must be eliminated by reduction prior to copper insertion ...

    Two critical cysteine residues in the copper-A site (Cu(A)) on subunit II (CoxB) of bacterial cytochrome c oxidase lie on the periplasmic side of the cytoplasmic membrane. As the periplasm is an oxidizing environment as compared with the reducing cytoplasm, the prediction was that a disulfide bond formed between these cysteines must be eliminated by reduction prior to copper insertion. We show here that a periplasmic thioredoxin (TlpA) acts as a specific reductant not only for the Cu(2+) transfer chaperone ScoI but also for CoxB. The dual role of TlpA was documented best with high-resolution crystal structures of the kinetically trapped TlpA-ScoI and TlpA-CoxB mixed disulfide intermediates. They uncovered surprisingly disparate contact sites on TlpA for each of the two protein substrates. The equilibrium of CoxB reduction by TlpA revealed a thermodynamically favorable reaction, with a less negative redox potential of CoxB (E'0 = -231 mV) as compared with that of TlpA (E'0 = -256 mV). The reduction of CoxB by TlpA via disulfide exchange proved to be very fast, with a rate constant of 8.4 × 10(4) M(-1) s(-1) that is similar to that found previously for ScoI reduction. Hence, TlpA is a physiologically relevant reductase for both ScoI and CoxB. Although the requirement of ScoI for assembly of the Cu(A)-CoxB complex may be bypassed in vivo by high environmental Cu(2+) concentrations, TlpA is essential in this process because only reduced CoxB can bind copper ions.


    Organizational Affiliation

    From the Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics and.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Thiol:disulfide interchange protein TlpAA, C184Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens USDA 110Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: tlpAbll1380
Find proteins for P43221 (Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens (strain JCM 10833 / BCRC 13528 / IAM 13628 / NBRC 14792 / USDA 110))
Explore P43221 
Go to UniProtKB:  P43221
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 2B, D159Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens USDA 110Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: coxB
EC: 1.9.3.1 (PDB Primary Data), 7.1.1.9 (UniProt)
Find proteins for H7C6E5 (Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens (strain JCM 10833 / BCRC 13528 / IAM 13628 / NBRC 14792 / USDA 110))
Explore H7C6E5 
Go to UniProtKB:  H7C6E5
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.212 
  • R-Value Work: 0.163 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.165 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 74.83α = 90
b = 81.64β = 90
c = 109.37γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XSCALEdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Promedica Foundation, Chur, SwitzerlandSwitzerlandGHDE KXQ7-DZZ [1276/M)]
ETH ZurichSwitzerland--
Swiss National Science FoundationSwitzerland--

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2014-10-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-10-15
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2014-12-03
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 2.0: 2017-09-06
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Author supporting evidence, Refinement description
  • Version 2.1: 2018-06-13
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Source and taxonomy