4RCE

Crystal structure of BACE1 in complex with aminooxazoline xanthene inhibitor 2


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.202 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Lead Optimization and Modulation of hERG Activity in a Series of Aminooxazoline Xanthene beta-Site Amyloid Precursor Protein Cleaving Enzyme (BACE1) Inhibitors.

Epstein, O.Bryan, M.C.Cheng, A.C.Derakhchan, K.Dineen, T.A.Hickman, D.Hua, Z.Human, J.B.Kreiman, C.Marx, I.E.Weiss, M.M.Wahl, R.C.Wen, P.H.Whittington, D.A.Wood, S.Zheng, X.M.Fremeau, R.T.White, R.D.Patel, V.F.

(2014) J Med Chem 57: 9796-9810

  • DOI: 10.1021/jm501266w
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4RCE, 4RCF

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The optimization of a series of aminooxazoline xanthene inhibitors of β-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) is described. An early lead compound showed robust Aβ lowering activity in a rat pharmacodynamic model, but advancement w ...

    The optimization of a series of aminooxazoline xanthene inhibitors of β-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) is described. An early lead compound showed robust Aβ lowering activity in a rat pharmacodynamic model, but advancement was precluded by a low therapeutic window to QTc prolongation in cardiovascular models consistent with in vitro activity on the hERG ion channel. While the introduction of polar groups was effective in reducing hERG binding affinity, this came at the expense of higher than desired Pgp-mediated efflux. A balance of low Pgp efflux and hERG activity was achieved by lowering the polar surface area of the P3 substituent while retaining polarity in the P2' side chain. The introduction of a fluorine in position 4 of the xanthene ring improved BACE1 potency (5-10-fold). The combination of these optimized fragments resulted in identification of compound 40, which showed robust Aβ reduction in a rat pharmacodynamic model (78% Aβ reduction in CSF at 10 mg/kg po) and also showed acceptable cardiovascular safety in vivo.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Departments of Therapeutic Discovery, ‡Neuroscience, §Molecular Structure and Characterization, ∥Pharmacokinetics and Drug Metabolism, and ⊥Comparative Biology and Safety Sciences, Amgen Inc. , 360 Binney Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, One Amgen Center Drive, Thousand Oaks, California 91320, and 1120 Veterans Boulevard, South San Francisco, California 94080, United States.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Beta-secretase 1A411Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: BACEBACE1KIAA1149
EC: 3.4.23.46
Find proteins for P56817 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P56817 
Go to UniProtKB:  P56817
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P56817
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
3LN
Query on 3LN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A
(4S)-2'-(2,2-dimethylpropoxy)-7'-(pyrimidin-5-yl)spiro[1,3-oxazole-4,9'-xanthen]-2-amine
C24 H24 N4 O3
CHZHWZAKWGFQNL-DEOSSOPVSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
IOD
Query on IOD

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A
IODIDE ION
I
XMBWDFGMSWQBCA-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
3LNIC50:  25   nM  BindingDB
3LNIC50:  2   nM  Binding MOAD
3LNIC50:  2.200000047683716   nM  BindingDB
3LNIC50:  2   nM  BindingDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.202 
  • Space Group: P 61 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 102.217α = 90
b = 102.217β = 90
c = 170.426γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
CrystalCleardata collection
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-12-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-01-14
    Changes: Database references