4R65

Ternary complex crystal structure of R258A mutant of DNA polymerase Beta


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.187 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.191 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Substrate-induced DNA Polymerase beta Activation.

Beard, W.A.Shock, D.D.Batra, V.K.Prasad, R.Wilson, S.H.

(2014) J Biol Chem 289: 31411-31422

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M114.607432
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • DNA polymerases and substrates undergo conformational changes upon forming protein-ligand complexes. These conformational adjustments can hasten or deter DNA synthesis and influence substrate discrimination. From structural comparison of binary DNA a ...

    DNA polymerases and substrates undergo conformational changes upon forming protein-ligand complexes. These conformational adjustments can hasten or deter DNA synthesis and influence substrate discrimination. From structural comparison of binary DNA and ternary DNA-dNTP complexes of DNA polymerase β, several side chains have been implicated in facilitating formation of an active ternary complex poised for chemistry. Site-directed mutagenesis of these highly conserved residues (Asp-192, Arg-258, Phe-272, Glu-295, and Tyr-296) and kinetic characterization provides insight into the role these residues play during correct and incorrect insertion as well as their role in conformational activation. The catalytic efficiencies for correct nucleotide insertion for alanine mutants were wild type ∼ R258A > F272A ∼ Y296A > E295A > D192A. Because the efficiencies for incorrect insertion were affected to about the same extent for each mutant, the effects on fidelity were modest (<5-fold). The R258A mutant exhibited an increase in the single-turnover rate of correct nucleotide insertion. This suggests that the wild-type Arg-258 side chain generates a population of non-productive ternary complexes. Structures of binary and ternary substrate complexes of the R258A mutant and a mutant associated with gastric carcinomas, E295K, provide molecular insight into intermediate structural conformations not appreciated previously. Although the R258A mutant crystal structures were similar to wild-type enzyme, the open ternary complex structure of E295K indicates that Arg-258 stabilizes a non-productive conformation of the primer terminus that would decrease catalysis. Significantly, the open E295K ternary complex binds two metal ions indicating that metal binding cannot overcome the modified interactions that have interrupted the closure of the N-subdomain.


    Organizational Affiliation

    From the Laboratory of Structural Biology, NIEHS, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709 wilson5@niehs.nih.gov.



Macromolecules

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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA polymerase beta
A
335Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: POLB
EC: 2.7.7.7 (PDB Primary Data), 4.2.99 (PDB Primary Data)
Find proteins for P06746 (Homo sapiens)
Go to UniProtKB:  P06746
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P06746
Protein Feature View
  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA (5'-D(*CP*CP*GP*AP*CP*AP*GP*CP*GP*CP*AP*TP*CP*AP*GP*C)-3')T16synthetic construct
  • Find similar nucleic acids by: Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA (5'-D(*GP*CP*TP*GP*AP*TP*GP*CP*GP*C)-3')P10synthetic construct
  • Find similar nucleic acids by: Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA (5'-D(P*GP*TP*CP*GP*G)-3')D5synthetic construct
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
DUP
Query on DUP

Download CCD File 
A
2'-DEOXYURIDINE 5'-ALPHA,BETA-IMIDO-TRIPHOSPHATE
C9 H16 N3 O13 P3
XZLLMTSKYYYJLH-SHYZEUOFSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

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A
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.187 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.191 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 50.81α = 90
b = 79.94β = 107.3
c = 55.48γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data collection
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-10-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-10-15
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2014-11-26
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-22
    Changes: Refinement description