4Q0H

Deinococcus radiodurans BphP PAS-GAF


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.16 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.157 
  • R-Value Work: 0.131 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.131 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystallographic and Electron Microscopic Analyses of a Bacterial Phytochrome Reveal Local and Global Rearrangements during Photoconversion.

Burgie, E.S.Wang, T.Bussell, A.N.Walker, J.M.Li, H.Vierstra, R.D.

(2014) J Biol Chem 289: 24573-24587

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M114.571661
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Phytochromes are multidomain photoswitches that drive light perception in plants and microorganisms by coupling photoreversible isomerization of their bilin chromophore to various signaling cascades. How changes in bilin conformation affect output by ...

    Phytochromes are multidomain photoswitches that drive light perception in plants and microorganisms by coupling photoreversible isomerization of their bilin chromophore to various signaling cascades. How changes in bilin conformation affect output by these photoreceptors remains poorly resolved and might include several species-specific routes. Here, we present detailed three-dimensional models of the photosensing module and a picture of an entire dimeric photoreceptor through structural analysis of the Deinococcus radiodurans phytochrome BphP assembled with biliverdin (BV). A 1.16-Å resolution crystal structure of the bilin-binding pocket in the dark-adapted red light-absorbing state illuminated the intricate network of bilin/protein/water interactions and confirmed the protonation and ZZZssa conformation of BV. Structural and spectroscopic comparisons with the photochemically compromised D207A mutant revealed that substitutions of Asp-207 allow inclusion of cyclic porphyrins in addition to BV. A crystal structure of the entire photosensing module showed a head-to-head, twisted dimeric arrangement with bowed helical spines and a hairpin protrusion connecting the cGMP phosphodiesterase/adenylyl cyclase/FhlA (GAF) and phytochrome-specific (PHY) domains. A key conserved hairpin feature is its anti-parallel, two β-strand stem, which we show by mutagenesis to be critical for BphP photochemistry. Comparisons of single particle electron microscopic images of the full-length BphP dimer in the red light-absorbing state and the photoactivated far-red light-absorbing state revealed a large scale reorientation of the PHY domain relative to the GAF domain, which alters the position of the downstream histidine kinase output module. Together, our data support a toggle model whereby bilin photoisomerization alters GAF/PHY domain interactions through conformational modification of the hairpin, which regulates signaling by impacting the relationship between sister output modules.


    Organizational Affiliation

    From the Department of Genetics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, vierstra@wisc.edu.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Bacteriophytochrome
A
342Deinococcus radiodurans R1Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: bphPDR_A0050
EC: 2.7.13.3
Find proteins for Q9RZA4 (Deinococcus radiodurans (strain ATCC 13939 / DSM 20539 / JCM 16871 / LMG 4051 / NBRC 15346 / NCIMB 9279 / R1 / VKM B-1422))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9RZA4
Protein Feature View
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
LBV
Query on LBV

Download CCD File 
A
3-[2-[(Z)-[3-(2-carboxyethyl)-5-[(Z)-(4-ethenyl-3-methyl-5-oxidanylidene-pyrrol-2-ylidene)methyl]-4-methyl-pyrrol-1-ium -2-ylidene]methyl]-5-[(Z)-[(3E)-3-ethylidene-4-methyl-5-oxidanylidene-pyrrolidin-2-ylidene]methyl]-4-methyl-1H-pyrrol-3- yl]propanoic acid
C33 H37 N4 O6
DKMLMZVDTGOEGU-ISEYCTJISA-O
 Ligand Interaction
IPA
Query on IPA

Download CCD File 
A
ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL
C3 H8 O
KFZMGEQAYNKOFK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.16 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.157 
  • R-Value Work: 0.131 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.131 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 89.536α = 90
b = 51.608β = 116.32
c = 80.633γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-07-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-09-17
    Changes: Database references