4NRO

Crystal structure of human ALKBH5 in complex with alpha-ketoglutarate


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.256 
  • R-Value Work: 0.237 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.238 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structures of the human RNA demethylase Alkbh5 reveal basis for substrate recognition

Feng, C.Liu, Y.Wang, G.Deng, Z.Zhang, Q.Wu, W.Tong, Y.Cheng, C.Chen, Z.

(2014) J Biol Chem 289: 11571-11583

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M113.546168
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4NRP, 4NRQ, 4NRM, 4NRO, 4O7X

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • N(6)-Methylation of adenosine is the most ubiquitous and abundant modification of nucleoside in eukaryotic mRNA and long non-coding RNA. This modification plays an essential role in the regulation of mRNA translation and RNA metabolism. Recently, human AlkB homolog 5 (Alkbh5) and fat mass- and obesity-associated protein (FTO) were shown to erase this methyl modification on mRNA ...

    N(6)-Methylation of adenosine is the most ubiquitous and abundant modification of nucleoside in eukaryotic mRNA and long non-coding RNA. This modification plays an essential role in the regulation of mRNA translation and RNA metabolism. Recently, human AlkB homolog 5 (Alkbh5) and fat mass- and obesity-associated protein (FTO) were shown to erase this methyl modification on mRNA. Here, we report five high resolution crystal structures of the catalytic core of Alkbh5 in complex with different ligands. Compared with other AlkB proteins, Alkbh5 displays several unique structural features on top of the conserved double-stranded β-helix fold typical of this protein family. Among the unique features, a distinct "lid" region of Alkbh5 plays a vital role in substrate recognition and catalysis. An unexpected disulfide bond between Cys-230 and Cys-267 is crucial for the selective binding of Alkbh5 to single-stranded RNA/DNA by bringing a "flipping" motif toward the central β-helix fold. We generated a substrate binding model of Alkbh5 based on a demethylation activity assay of several structure-guided site-directed mutants. Crystallographic and biochemical studies using various analogs of α-ketoglutarate revealed that the active site cavity of Alkbh5 is much smaller than that of FTO and preferentially binds small molecule inhibitors. Taken together, our findings provide a structural basis for understanding the substrate recognition specificity of Alkbh5 and offer a foundation for selective drug design against AlkB members.


    Organizational Affiliation

    From the State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
RNA demethylase ALKBH5A230Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ABH5ALKBH5OFOXD1
EC: 1.14.11 (PDB Primary Data), 1.14.11.53 (UniProt)
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q6P6C2 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q6P6C2 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q6P6C2
PHAROS:  Q6P6C2
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
AKG
Query on AKG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]2-OXOGLUTARIC ACID
C5 H6 O5
KPGXRSRHYNQIFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MN
Query on MN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]MANGANESE (II) ION
Mn
WAEMQWOKJMHJLA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.256 
  • R-Value Work: 0.237 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.238 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 56.177α = 90
b = 56.177β = 90
c = 144.94γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
BALBESphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2014-03-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-10-21
    Changes: Database references