4ND6

Crystal structure of apo 3-nitro-tyrosine tRNA synthetase (5B) in the open form


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.201 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural Basis of Improved Second-Generation 3-Nitro-tyrosine tRNA Synthetases.

Cooley, R.B.Feldman, J.L.Driggers, C.M.Bundy, T.A.Stokes, A.L.Karplus, P.A.Mehl, R.A.

(2014) Biochemistry 53: 1916-1924

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi5001239
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4NDA, 4ND6, 4ND7

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Genetic code expansion has provided the ability to site-specifically incorporate a multitude of noncanonical amino acids (ncAAs) into proteins for a wide variety of applications, but low ncAA incorporation efficiency can hamper the utility of this po ...

    Genetic code expansion has provided the ability to site-specifically incorporate a multitude of noncanonical amino acids (ncAAs) into proteins for a wide variety of applications, but low ncAA incorporation efficiency can hamper the utility of this powerful technology. When investigating proteins containing the post-translational modification 3-nitro-tyrosine (nitroTyr), we developed second-generation amino-acyl tRNA synthetases (RS) that incorporate nitroTyr at efficiencies roughly an order of magnitude greater than those previously reported and that advanced our ability to elucidate the role of elevated cellular nitroTyr levels in human disease (e.g., Franco, M. et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A 2013 , 110 , E1102 ). Here, we explore the origins of the improvement achieved in these second-generation RSs. Crystal structures of the most efficient of these synthetases reveal the molecular basis for the enhanced efficiencies observed in the second-generation nitroTyr-RSs. Although Tyr is not detectably incorporated into proteins when expression media is supplemented with 1 mM nitroTyr, a major difference between the first- and second-generation RSs is that the second-generation RSs have an active site more compatible with Tyr binding. This feature of the second-generation nitroTyr-RSs appears to be the result of using less stringent criteria when selecting from a library of mutants. The observation that a different selection strategy performed on the same library of mutants produced nitroTyr-RSs with dramatically improved efficiencies suggests the optimization of established selection protocols could lead to notable improvements in ncAA-RS efficiencies and thus the overall utility of this technology.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Oregon State University , 2011 Agriculture and Life Sciences Building, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, United States.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Tyrosine-tRNA ligaseA314Methanocaldococcus jannaschii DSM 2661Mutation(s): 6 
Gene Names: MJ0389tyrStyrS MJ0389
EC: 6.1.1.1
Find proteins for Q57834 (Methanocaldococcus jannaschii (strain ATCC 43067 / DSM 2661 / JAL-1 / JCM 10045 / NBRC 100440))
Explore Q57834 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q57834
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

Download CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.201 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 101.14α = 90
b = 101.14β = 90
c = 73.29γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
REFMACrefinement
ADSCdata collection
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
REFMACphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-03-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-04-16
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-07-17
    Changes: Data collection, Refinement description