4MLA

Structure of maize cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase 2 (ZmCKO2)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.04 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Kinetic and structural investigation of the cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase active site.

Kopecny, D.Koncitikova, R.Popelka, H.Briozzo, P.Vigouroux, A.Kopecna, M.Zalabak, D.Sebela, M.Skopalova, J.Frebort, I.Morera, S.

(2016) Febs J. 283: 361-377

  • DOI: 10.1111/febs.13581
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Cytokinins are hormones that regulate plant development and their environmental responses. Their levels are mainly controlled by the cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase (CKO), which oxidatively cleaves cytokinins using redox-active electron acceptors. CK ...

    Cytokinins are hormones that regulate plant development and their environmental responses. Their levels are mainly controlled by the cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase (CKO), which oxidatively cleaves cytokinins using redox-active electron acceptors. CKO belongs to the group of flavoproteins with an 8α-N1-histidyl FAD covalent linkage. Here, we investigated the role of seven active site residues, H105, D169, E288, V378, E381, P427 and L492, in substrate binding and catalysis of the CKO1 from maize (Zea mays, ZmCKO1) combining site-directed mutagenesis with kinetics and X-ray crystallography. We identify E381 as a key residue for enzyme specificity that restricts substrate binding as well as quinone electron acceptor binding. We show that D169 is important for catalysis and that H105 covalently linked to FAD maintains the enzyme's structural integrity, stability and high rates with electron acceptors. The L492A mutation significantly modulates the cleavage of aromatic cytokinins and zeatin isomers. The high resolution X-ray structures of ZmCKO1 and the E381S variant in complex with N6-(2-isopentenyl)adenosine reveal the binding mode of cytokinin ribosides. Those of ZmCKO2 and ZmCKO4a contain a mobile domain, which might contribute to binding of the N9 substituted cytokinins.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Protein Biochemistry and Proteomics, Centre of the Region Haná for Biotechnological and Agricultural Research, Faculty of Science, Palacký University, Olomouc, Czech Republic.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Cytokinin oxidase 2
A, B
501Zea maysMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: cko2 (542507)
Find proteins for Q709Q5 (Zea mays)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q709Q5
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FAD
Query on FAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
ETHYLENE GLYCOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
IPA
Query on IPA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL
2-PROPANOL
C3 H8 O
KFZMGEQAYNKOFK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.04 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 75.720α = 90.00
b = 181.890β = 90.00
c = 196.960γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
XDSdata scaling
XDSdata reduction
BUSTERrefinement
DNAdata collection

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-03-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-11-04
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2016-03-23
    Type: Database references