4M10

Crystal Structure of Murine Cyclooxygenase-2 Complex with Isoxicam


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.01 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Oxicams Bind in a Novel Mode to the Cyclooxygenase Active Site via a Two-water-mediated H-bonding Network.

Xu, S.Hermanson, D.J.Banerjee, S.Ghebreselasie, K.Clayton, G.M.Garavito, R.M.Marnett, L.J.

(2014) J.Biol.Chem. 289: 6799-6808

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M113.517987
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  4M11, 4O1Z

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Oxicams are widely used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), but little is known about the molecular basis of the interaction with their target enzymes, the cyclooxygenases (COX). Isoxicam is a nonselective inhibitor of COX-1 and COX-2 wher ...

    Oxicams are widely used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), but little is known about the molecular basis of the interaction with their target enzymes, the cyclooxygenases (COX). Isoxicam is a nonselective inhibitor of COX-1 and COX-2 whereas meloxicam displays some selectivity for COX-2. Here we report crystal complexes of COX-2 with isoxicam and meloxicam at 2.0 and 2.45 angstroms, respectively, and a crystal complex of COX-1 with meloxicam at 2.4 angstroms. These structures reveal that the oxicams bind to the active site of COX-2 using a binding pose not seen with other NSAIDs through two highly coordinated water molecules. The 4-hydroxyl group on the thiazine ring partners with Ser-530 via hydrogen bonding, and the heteroatom of the carboxamide ring of the oxicam scaffold interacts with Tyr-385 and Ser-530 through a highly coordinated water molecule. The nitrogen atom of the thiazine and the oxygen atom of the carboxamide bind to Arg-120 and Tyr-355 via another highly ordered water molecule. The rotation of Leu-531 in the structure opens a novel binding pocket, which is not utilized for the binding of other NSAIDs. In addition, a detailed study of meloxicam┬ĚCOX-2 interactions revealed that mutation of Val-434 to Ile significantly reduces inhibition by meloxicam due to subtle changes around Phe-518, giving rise to the preferential inhibition of COX-2 over COX-1.


    Organizational Affiliation

    From the A. B. Hancock Jr. Memorial Laboratory for Cancer Research, Departments of Biochemistry, Chemistry, and Pharmacology, Vanderbilt Institute of Chemical Biology, Center in Molecular Toxicology, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Prostaglandin G/H synthase 2
A, B, C, D
587Mus musculusGene Names: Ptgs2 (Cox-2, Cox2, Pghs-b, Tis10)
EC: 1.14.99.1
Find proteins for Q05769 (Mus musculus)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q05769
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ICD
Query on ICD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
4-hydroxy-2-methyl-N-(5-methyl-1,2-oxazol-3-yl)-2H-1,2-benzothiazine-3-carboxamide 1,1-dioxide
Isoxicam
C14 H13 N3 O5 S
YYUAYBYLJSNDCX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
HEM
Query on HEM

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
HEME
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BOG
Query on BOG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B, C, D
B-OCTYLGLUCOSIDE
C14 H28 O6
HEGSGKPQLMEBJL-RKQHYHRCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.01 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • Space Group: P 2 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 122.612α = 90.00
b = 134.077β = 90.00
c = 180.439γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data collection
SCALAdata scaling
PHASESphasing
XSCALEdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-01-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-02-12
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2014-05-14
    Type: Database references