4LT5

Structure of a Naegleria Tet-like dioxygenase in complex with 5-methylcytosine DNA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.89 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.215 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.194 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure of a Naegleria Tet-like dioxygenase in complex with 5-methylcytosine DNA.

Hashimoto, H.Pais, J.E.Zhang, X.Saleh, L.Fu, Z.Q.Dai, N.Correa, I.R.Zheng, Y.Cheng, X.

(2014) Nature 506: 391-395

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature12905
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4LT5

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Cytosine residues in mammalian DNA occur in five forms: cytosine (C), 5-methylcytosine (5mC), 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), 5-formylcytosine (5fC) and 5-carboxylcytosine (5caC). The ten-eleven translocation (Tet) dioxygenases convert 5mC to 5hmC, 5fC and 5caC in three consecutive, Fe(II)- and α-ketoglutarate-dependent oxidation reactions ...

    Cytosine residues in mammalian DNA occur in five forms: cytosine (C), 5-methylcytosine (5mC), 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), 5-formylcytosine (5fC) and 5-carboxylcytosine (5caC). The ten-eleven translocation (Tet) dioxygenases convert 5mC to 5hmC, 5fC and 5caC in three consecutive, Fe(II)- and α-ketoglutarate-dependent oxidation reactions. The Tet family of dioxygenases is widely distributed across the tree of life, including in the heterolobosean amoeboflagellate Naegleria gruberi. The genome of Naegleria encodes homologues of mammalian DNA methyltransferase and Tet proteins. Here we study biochemically and structurally one of the Naegleria Tet-like proteins (NgTet1), which shares significant sequence conservation (approximately 14% identity or 39% similarity) with mammalian Tet1. Like mammalian Tet proteins, NgTet1 acts on 5mC and generates 5hmC, 5fC and 5caC. The crystal structure of NgTet1 in complex with DNA containing a 5mCpG site revealed that NgTet1 uses a base-flipping mechanism to access 5mC. The DNA is contacted from the minor groove and bent towards the major groove. The flipped 5mC is positioned in the active-site pocket with planar stacking contacts, Watson-Crick polar hydrogen bonds and van der Waals interactions specific for 5mC. The sequence conservation between NgTet1 and mammalian Tet1, including residues involved in structural integrity and functional significance, suggests structural conservation across phyla.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Departments of Biochemistry, Emory University School of Medicine, 1510 Clifton Road, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA.



Macromolecules

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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Naegleria Tet-like dioxygenaseA327Naegleria gruberiMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: NAEGRDRAFT_55029TET1
EC: 1.14.11
UniProt
Find proteins for D2W6T1 (Naegleria gruberi)
Explore D2W6T1 
Go to UniProtKB:  D2W6T1
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupD2W6T1
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
DNAB 14N/A
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence

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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
DNAC 14N/A
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
OGA
Query on OGA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
P [auth A]N-OXALYLGLYCINE
C4 H5 N O5
BIMZLRFONYSTPT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
L [auth A],
M [auth A],
N [auth A],
O [auth A]
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

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E [auth A],
F [auth A],
G [auth A],
H [auth A],
I [auth A],
E [auth A],
F [auth A],
G [auth A],
H [auth A],
I [auth A],
J [auth A],
K [auth A],
Q [auth C],
R [auth C]
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MN
Query on MN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A]MANGANESE (II) ION
Mn
WAEMQWOKJMHJLA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.89 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.215 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.194 
  • Space Group: I 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 83.954α = 90
b = 108.648β = 90
c = 166.384γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
SGXPROmodel building
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
SGXPROphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2013-12-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-12-25
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2014-02-05
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2014-03-05
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.4: 2017-11-15
    Changes: Refinement description