4LR2

Crystal Structure of Human ENPP4 (apo)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.201 
  • R-Value Work: 0.154 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.157 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report



Literature

Molecular basis of purinergic signal metabolism by ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterases 4 and 1 and implications in stroke.

Albright, R.A.Ornstein, D.L.Cao, W.Chang, W.C.Robert, D.Tehan, M.Hoyer, D.Liu, L.Stabach, P.Yang, G.De La Cruz, E.M.Braddock, D.T.

(2014) J Biol Chem 289: 3294-3306

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M113.505867
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • NPP4 is a type I extracellular membrane protein on brain vascular endothelium inducing platelet aggregation via the hydrolysis of Ap3A, whereas NPP1 is a type II extracellular membrane protein principally present on the surface of chondrocytes that r ...

    NPP4 is a type I extracellular membrane protein on brain vascular endothelium inducing platelet aggregation via the hydrolysis of Ap3A, whereas NPP1 is a type II extracellular membrane protein principally present on the surface of chondrocytes that regulates tissue mineralization. To understand the metabolism of purinergic signals resulting in the physiologic activities of the two enzymes, we report the high resolution crystal structure of human NPP4 and explore the molecular basis of its substrate specificity with NPP1. Both enzymes cleave Ap3A, but only NPP1 can hydrolyze ATP. Comparative structural analysis reveals a tripartite lysine claw in NPP1 that stabilizes the terminal phosphate of ATP, whereas the corresponding region of NPP4 contains features that hinder this binding orientation, thereby inhibiting ATP hydrolysis. Furthermore, we show that NPP1 is unable to induce platelet aggregation at physiologic concentrations reported in human blood, but it could stimulate platelet aggregation if localized at low nanomolar concentrations on vascular endothelium. The combined studies expand our understanding of NPP1 and NPP4 substrate specificity and range and provide a rational mechanism by which polymorphisms in NPP1 confer stroke resistance.


    Related Citations: 
    • NPP4 is a procoagulant enzyme on the surface of vascular endothelium
      Albright, R.A., Chang, W.C., Robert, D., Ornstein, D.L., Cao, W., Liu, L., Redick, M.E., Young, J.I., De La Cruz, E.M., Braddock, D.T.
      (2012) Blood 120: 4432

    Organizational Affiliation

    From the Department of Pathology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Bis(5'-adenosyl)-triphosphatase ENPP4A401Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ENPP4KIAA0879NPP4
EC: 3.6.1.29
Find proteins for Q9Y6X5 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q9Y6X5 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9Y6X5
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  Q9Y6X5
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
B
2 N-Glycosylation
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG
Query on NAG

Download CCD File 
A
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FLC
Query on FLC

Download CCD File 
A
CITRATE ANION
C6 H5 O7
KRKNYBCHXYNGOX-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download CCD File 
A
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.201 
  • R-Value Work: 0.154 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.157 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 181.506α = 90
b = 51.293β = 102.08
c = 53.065γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-12-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-02-26
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-15
    Changes: Refinement description
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Structure summary