4KPP

Crystal Structure of H+/Ca2+ Exchanger CAX


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.202 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.204 

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This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural Basis for the Counter-Transport Mechanism of a H+/Ca2+ Exchanger

Nishizawa, T.Kita, S.Maturana, A.D.Furuya, N.Hirata, K.Kasuya, G.Ogasawara, S.Dohmae, N.Iwamoto, T.Ishitani, R.Nureki, O.

(2013) Science 

  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1239002
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4KPP

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Ca(2+)/cation antiporters catalyze the exchange of Ca(2+) with various cations across biological membranes to regulate cytosolic calcium levels. The recently reported structure of a prokaryotic Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX_Mj) revealed its overall architecture in an outward-facing state ...

    Ca(2+)/cation antiporters catalyze the exchange of Ca(2+) with various cations across biological membranes to regulate cytosolic calcium levels. The recently reported structure of a prokaryotic Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX_Mj) revealed its overall architecture in an outward-facing state. Here, we report the crystal structure of a H(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger from Archaeoglobus fulgidus (CAX_Af) in the two representatives of the inward-facing conformation at 2.3 Å resolution. The structures suggested Ca(2+) or H(+) binds to the cation-binding site mutually exclusively. Structural comparison of CAX_Af with NCX_Mj revealed that the first and sixth transmembrane helices alternately create hydrophilic cavities on the intra- and extracellular sides. The structures and functional analyses provide insight into the mechanism of how the inward- to outward-facing state transition is triggered by the Ca(2+) and H(+) binding.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biophysics and Biochemistry, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 2-11-16 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032, Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Putative uncharacterized proteinA, B405Archaeoglobus fulgidus DSM 4304Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: AF0251AF_0251
Membrane Entity: Yes 
UniProt
Find proteins for O29988 (Archaeoglobus fulgidus (strain ATCC 49558 / VC-16 / DSM 4304 / JCM 9628 / NBRC 100126))
Explore O29988 
Go to UniProtKB:  O29988
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranoseC2N/A Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G07411ON
GlyCosmos:  G07411ON
Biologically Interesting Molecules (External Reference) 1 Unique
Entity ID: 2
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_900001
Query on PRD_900001
Calpha-maltoseOligosaccharide /  Nutrient Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.202 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.204 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 63.954α = 90
b = 97.386β = 99.37
c = 71.233γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2013-06-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-07-10
    Changes: Structure summary
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary