4KMF

Crystal structure of Zalpha domain from Carassius auratus PKZ in complex with Z-DNA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.170 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.173 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Distinct Z-DNA binding mode of a PKR-like protein kinase containing a Z-DNA binding domain (PKZ).

Kim, D.Hur, J.Park, K.Bae, S.Shin, D.Ha, S.C.Hwang, H.Y.Hohng, S.Lee, J.H.Lee, S.Kim, Y.G.Kim, K.K.

(2014) Nucleic Acids Res 42: 5937-5948

  • DOI: 10.1093/nar/gku189
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4KMF

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Double-stranded ribonucleic acid-activated protein kinase (PKR) downregulates translation as a defense mechanism against viral infection. In fish species, PKZ, a PKR-like protein kinase containing left-handed deoxyribonucleic acid (Z-DNA) binding domains, performs a similar role in the antiviral response ...

    Double-stranded ribonucleic acid-activated protein kinase (PKR) downregulates translation as a defense mechanism against viral infection. In fish species, PKZ, a PKR-like protein kinase containing left-handed deoxyribonucleic acid (Z-DNA) binding domains, performs a similar role in the antiviral response. To understand the role of PKZ in Z-DNA recognition and innate immune response, we performed structural and functional studies of the Z-DNA binding domain (Zα) of PKZ from Carassius auratus (caZαPKZ). The 1.7-Å resolution crystal structure of caZαPKZ:Z-DNA revealed that caZαPKZ shares the overall fold with other Zα, but has discrete structural features that differentiate its DNA binding mode from others. Functional analyses of caZαPKZ and its mutants revealed that caZαPKZ mediates the fastest B-to-Z transition of DNA among Zα, and the minimal interaction for Z-DNA recognition is mediated by three backbone phosphates and six residues of caZαPKZ. Structure-based mutagenesis and B-to-Z transition assays confirmed that Lys56 located in the β-wing contributes to its fast B-to-Z transition kinetics. Investigation of the DNA binding kinetics of caZαPKZ further revealed that the B-to-Z transition rate is positively correlated with the association rate constant. Taking these results together, we conclude that the positive charge in the β-wing largely affects fast B-to-Z transition activity by enhancing the DNA binding rate.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Suwon 440-746, Korea kyeongkyu@skku.edu.



Macromolecules

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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Interferon-inducible and double-stranded-dependent eIF-2kinaseA62Carassius auratusMutation(s): 0 
UniProt
Find proteins for Q7T2M9 (Carassius auratus)
Explore Q7T2M9 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q7T2M9
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ7T2M9
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
DNA (5'-D(*TP*CP*GP*CP*GP*CP*G)-3')B 7synthetic construct
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MN
Query on MN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth B]MANGANESE (II) ION
Mn
WAEMQWOKJMHJLA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.170 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.173 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 55.367α = 90
b = 49.471β = 97.22
c = 29.585γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2013-05-08 
  • Released Date: 2013-07-03 
  • Deposition Author(s): Kim, D., Kim, K.K.

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2013-07-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-06-18
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-15
    Changes: Refinement description, Source and taxonomy
  • Version 1.3: 2020-01-29
    Changes: Derived calculations