4JJ5

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE Fab FRAGMENT OF 1C2, A MONOCLONAL ANTIBODY SPECIFIC for POLY-GLUTAMINE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.44 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.283 
  • R-Value Work: 0.239 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.241 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Linear and extended: a common polyglutamine conformation recognized by the three antibodies MW1, 1C2 and 3B5H10.

Klein, F.A.Zeder-Lutz, G.Cousido-Siah, A.Mitschler, A.Katz, A.Eberling, P.Mandel, J.L.Podjarny, A.Trottier, Y.

(2013) Hum Mol Genet 22: 4215-4223

  • DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddt273
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4ISV, 4JJ5

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A long-standing pathomechanistic model proposes that the polyglutamine (polyQ)-length-dependent toxicity threshold observed in all polyQ diseases is triggered by a conformational change within the monomer that occurs only above a certain polyQ length ...

    A long-standing pathomechanistic model proposes that the polyglutamine (polyQ)-length-dependent toxicity threshold observed in all polyQ diseases is triggered by a conformational change within the monomer that occurs only above a certain polyQ length. If true, this yet undefined and elusive mutant-specific toxic conformation would constitute a direct therapeutic target. Three anti-polyQ antibodies-MW1, 1C2 and 3B5H10-have been extensively used to probe the conformation of polyQ. The crystal structure of the MW1 epitope reveals a linear, non-pathogenic polyQ. In contrast, although the detailed structure of its epitope is unknown, the 3B5H10 antibody is widely advertised and used as a conformational antibody that recognizes the toxic conformation of expanded polyQ. We solved the crystal structure of the 1C2 antigen-binding domain (1C2-Fab) and performed a direct comparison between the 1C2, MW1 and 3B5H10 structures. The MW1 and 1C2 antibodies have similar sequences and structures, consistent with their binding to short polyQ and their polyQ length-discrimination properties. Unexpectedly, the 3B5H10 antibody also shares striking features with MW1 and 1C2, which prompted us to revisit its binding properties. We show that the 3B5H10 epitope is actually a short, non-pathogenic polyQ. All three antibodies MW1, 1C2 and 3B5H10 interact similarly with polyQ of various lengths, and bind small polyQ epitopes in similar linear and extended conformations. Together with studies published during the recent years, our work argues against the hypothesis that a mutant-specific conformation in monomeric polyQ molecules is the toxic entity responsible for polyQ diseases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Present address: Computational Chemistry and Biology Group-DETEMA, Facultad de Química, UdelaR, Isidoro de María 1620 piso 3, CC1157, Montevideo, Uruguay.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
1C2 FAB LIGHT CHAINA217Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
1C2 FAB HEAVY CHAINB221Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.44 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.283 
  • R-Value Work: 0.239 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.241 
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 80.464α = 90
b = 80.464β = 90
c = 180.881γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-3000data collection
AMoREphasing
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-3000data reduction
HKL-3000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-07-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-10-23
    Changes: Database references