4IOX

The structure of the herpes simplex virus DNA-packaging motor pUL15 C-terminal nuclease domain provides insights into cleavage of concatemeric viral genome precursors


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.46 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.205 

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Literature

The Structure of the Herpes Simplex Virus DNA-Packaging Terminase pUL15 Nuclease Domain Suggests an Evolutionary Lineage among Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Viruses.

Selvarajan Sigamani, S.Zhao, H.Kamau, Y.N.Baines, J.D.Tang, L.

(2013) J Virol 87: 7140-7148

  • DOI: 10.1128/JVI.00311-13
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4IOX

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1), the prototypic member of herpesviruses, employs a virally encoded molecular machine called terminase to package the viral double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) genome into a preformed protein shell. The terminase contains a large subunit that is thought to cleave concatemeric viral DNA during the packaging initiation and completion of each packaging cycle and supply energy to the packaging process via ATP hydrolysis ...

    Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1), the prototypic member of herpesviruses, employs a virally encoded molecular machine called terminase to package the viral double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) genome into a preformed protein shell. The terminase contains a large subunit that is thought to cleave concatemeric viral DNA during the packaging initiation and completion of each packaging cycle and supply energy to the packaging process via ATP hydrolysis. We have determined the X-ray structure of the C-terminal domain of the terminase large-subunit pUL15 (pUL15C) from HSV-1. The structure shows a fold resembling those of bacteriophage terminases, RNase H, integrases, DNA polymerases, and topoisomerases, with an active site clustered with acidic residues. Docking analysis reveals a DNA-binding surface surrounded by flexible loops, indicating considerable conformational changes upon DNA binding. In vitro assay shows that pUL15C possesses non-sequence-specific, Mg(2+)-dependent nuclease activity. These results suggest that pUL15 uses an RNase H-like, metal ion-mediated catalysis mechanism for cleavage of viral concatemeric DNA. The structure reveals extra structural elements in addition to the RNase H-like fold core and variations in local architecture of the nuclease active site, which are conserved in herpesvirus terminases and bear great similarity to the phage T4 gp17 but are distinct from podovirus and siphovirus orthologs and cellular RNase H, delineating a new evolutionary lineage among a large family of eukaryotic viruses and simple and complex prokaryotic viruses.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Tripartite terminase subunit UL15A, B, C286Human alphaherpesvirus 1Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: UL15
EC: 3.1
UniProt
Find proteins for P04295 (Human herpesvirus 1 (strain 17))
Explore P04295 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04295
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
peptideD6Human alphaherpesvirus 1Mutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PG4
Query on PG4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
G [auth A]TETRAETHYLENE GLYCOL
C8 H18 O5
UWHCKJMYHZGTIT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PGE
Query on PGE

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A]TRIETHYLENE GLYCOL
C6 H14 O4
ZIBGPFATKBEMQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PEG
Query on PEG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
F [auth A]DI(HYDROXYETHYL)ETHER
C4 H10 O3
MTHSVFCYNBDYFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
H [auth A]ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.46 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.205 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 96.944α = 90
b = 96.944β = 90
c = 194.034γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
PHASESphasing
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2013-05-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-06-19
    Changes: Database references