4GGJ

Crystal structure of Zucchini from mouse (mZuc / PLD6 / MitoPLD)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.197 
  • R-Value Work: 0.174 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.175 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The structural biochemistry of Zucchini implicates it as a nuclease in piRNA biogenesis.

Ipsaro, J.J.Haase, A.D.Knott, S.R.Joshua-Tor, L.Hannon, G.J.

(2012) Nature 491: 279-283

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature11502
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4GGJ, 4GGK

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • PIWI-family proteins and their associated small RNAs (piRNAs) act in an evolutionarily conserved innate immune mechanism to provide essential protection for germ-cell genomes against the activity of mobile genetic elements. piRNA populations comprise a molecular definition of transposons, which permits them to distinguish transposons from host genes and selectively silence them ...

    PIWI-family proteins and their associated small RNAs (piRNAs) act in an evolutionarily conserved innate immune mechanism to provide essential protection for germ-cell genomes against the activity of mobile genetic elements. piRNA populations comprise a molecular definition of transposons, which permits them to distinguish transposons from host genes and selectively silence them. piRNAs can be generated in two distinct ways, forming either primary or secondary piRNAs. Primary piRNAs come from discrete genomic loci, termed piRNA clusters, and seem to be derived from long, single-stranded precursors. The biogenesis of primary piRNAs involves at least two nucleolytic steps. An unknown enzyme cleaves piRNA cluster transcripts to generate monophosphorylated piRNA 5' ends. piRNA 3' ends are probably formed by exonucleolytic trimming, after a piRNA precursor is loaded into its PIWI partner. Secondary piRNAs arise during the adaptive 'ping-pong' cycle, with their 5' termini being formed by the activity of PIWIs themselves. A number of proteins have been implicated genetically in primary piRNA biogenesis. One of these, Drosophila melanogaster Zucchini, is a member of the phospholipase-D family of phosphodiesterases, which includes both phospholipases and nucleases. Here we produced a dimeric, soluble fragment of the mouse Zucchini homologue (mZuc; also known as PLD6) and show that it possesses single-strand-specific nuclease activity. A crystal structure of mZuc at 1.75 Å resolution indicates greater architectural similarity to phospholipase-D family nucleases than to phospholipases. Together, our data suggest that the Zucchini proteins act in primary piRNA biogenesis as nucleases, perhaps generating the 5' ends of primary piRNAs.


    Organizational Affiliation

    W. M. Keck Structural Biology Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York 11724, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Mitochondrial cardiolipin hydrolaseA196Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Pld6
EC: 3.1.4 (PDB Primary Data), 3.1 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for Q5SWZ9 (Mus musculus)
Explore Q5SWZ9 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SWZ9
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.197 
  • R-Value Work: 0.174 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.175 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 38.741α = 90
b = 38.741β = 90
c = 214.529γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CBASSdata collection
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2012-10-10
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-12-12
    Changes: Database references