Methylthioadenosine deaminase in an alternative quorum sensing pathway in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.Guan, R., Ho, M.C., Frohlich, R.F., Tyler, P.C., Almo, S.C., Schramm, V.L.
(2012) Biochemistry 51: 9094-9103
- PubMed: 23050701
- DOI: 10.1021/bi301062y
- PubMed Abstract:
Pseudomonas aeruginosa possesses an unusual pathway for 5'-methylthioadenosine (MTA) metabolism involving deamination to 5'-methylthioinosine (MTI) followed by N-ribosyl phosphorolysis to hypoxanthine and 5-methylthio-α-d-ribose 1-phosphate. The spec ...
Pseudomonas aeruginosa possesses an unusual pathway for 5'-methylthioadenosine (MTA) metabolism involving deamination to 5'-methylthioinosine (MTI) followed by N-ribosyl phosphorolysis to hypoxanthine and 5-methylthio-α-d-ribose 1-phosphate. The specific MTI phosphorylase of P. aeruginosa has been reported [Guan, R., Ho, M. C., Almo, S. C., and Schramm, V. L. (2011) Biochemistry 50, 1247-1254], and here we characterize MTA deaminase from P. aeruginosa (PaMTADA). Genomic analysis indicated the PA3170 locus to be a candidate for MTA deaminase (MTADA). Protein encoded by PA3170 was expressed and shown to deaminate MTA with 40-fold greater catalytic efficiency for MTA than for adenosine. The k(cat)/K(m) value of 1.6 × 10(7) M(-1) s(-1) for MTA is the highest catalytic efficiency known for an MTA deaminase. 5'-Methylthiocoformycin (MTCF) is a 4.8 pM transition state analogue for PaMTADA but causes no significant inhibition of human adenosine deaminase or MTA phosphorylase. MTCF is permeable to P. aeruginosa and exhibits an IC(50) of 3 nM on cellular PaMTADA activity. PaMTADA is the only activity in P. aeruginosa extracts to act on MTA. MTA and 5-methylthio-α-d-ribose are involved in quorum sensing pathways; thus, PaMTADA is a potential target for quorum sensing. The crystal structure of PaMTADA in complex with MTCF shows the transition state mimic 8(R)-hydroxyl group in contact with a catalytic site Zn(2+), the 5'-methylthio group in a hydrophobic pocket, and the transition state mimic of the diazepine ring in contact with a catalytic site Glu.
Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, New York 10461, United States.