4G84

Crystal structure of human HisRS


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.250 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.194 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Internally Deleted Human tRNA Synthetase Suggests Evolutionary Pressure for Repurposing.

Xu, Z.Wei, Z.Zhou, J.J.Ye, F.Lo, W.S.Wang, F.Lau, C.F.Wu, J.Nangle, L.A.Chiang, K.P.Yang, X.L.Zhang, M.Schimmel, P.

(2012) Structure 20: 1470-1477

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.str.2012.08.001
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4G85, 4G84

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (AARSs) catalyze aminoacylation of tRNAs in the cytoplasm. Surprisingly, AARSs also have critical extracellular and nuclear functions. Evolutionary pressure for new functions might be manifested by splice variants that skip only an internal catalytic domain (CD) and link noncatalytic N- and C-terminal polypeptides ...

    Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (AARSs) catalyze aminoacylation of tRNAs in the cytoplasm. Surprisingly, AARSs also have critical extracellular and nuclear functions. Evolutionary pressure for new functions might be manifested by splice variants that skip only an internal catalytic domain (CD) and link noncatalytic N- and C-terminal polypeptides. Using disease-associated histidyl-tRNA synthetase (HisRS) as an example, we found an expressed 171-amino acid protein (HisRSΔCD) that deleted the entire CD, and joined an N-terminal WHEP to the C-terminal anticodon-binding domain (ABD). X-ray crystallography and three-dimensional NMR revealed the structures of human HisRS and HisRSΔCD. In contrast to homodimeric HisRS, HisRSΔCD is monomeric, where rupture of the ABD's packing with CD resulted in a dumbbell-like structure of flexibly linked WHEP and ABD domains. In addition, the ABD of HisRSΔCD presents a distinct local conformation. This natural internally deleted HisRS suggests evolutionary pressure to reshape AARS tertiary and quaternary structures for repurposing.


    Organizational Affiliation

    IAS HKUST-Scripps R&D Laboratory, Institute for Advanced Study, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histidine--tRNA ligase, cytoplasmicA, B464Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HARSHRSHARS1
EC: 6.1.1.21
Find proteins for P12081 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P12081 
Go to UniProtKB:  P12081
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P12081
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
IMD
Query on IMD

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A], D [auth B], E [auth B]IMIDAZOLE
C3 H5 N2
RAXXELZNTBOGNW-UHFFFAOYSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
F [auth B]CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.250 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.194 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 93.519α = 90
b = 93.519β = 90
c = 254.533γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
ADSCdata collection
HKL-2000data reduction
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2012-09-26
    Type: Initial release