Wild-type streptavidin in complex with love-hate ligand 1 (LH1)

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 1.06 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.153 
  • R-Value Work: 0.132 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.133 

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This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Love-Hate Ligands for High Resolution Analysis of Strain in Ultra-Stable Protein/Small Molecule Interaction.

Fairhead, M.Shen, D.Chan, L.K.M.Lowe, E.D.Donohoe, T.J.Howarth, M.

(2014) Bioorg Med Chem 22: 5476

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2014.07.029
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4CPE, 4CPF, 4CPH, 4CPI

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    The pathway of ligand dissociation and how binding sites respond to force are not well understood for any macromolecule. Force effects on biological receptors have been studied through simulation or force spectroscopy, but not by high resolution structural experiments. To investigate this challenge, we took advantage of the extreme stability of the streptavidin-biotin interaction, a paradigm for understanding non-covalent binding as well as a ubiquitous research tool. We synthesized a series of biotin-conjugates having an unchanged strong-binding biotin moiety, along with pincer-like arms designed to clash with the protein surface: 'Love-Hate ligands'. The Love-Hate ligands contained various 2,6-di-ortho aryl groups, installed using Suzuki coupling as the last synthetic step, making the steric repulsion highly modular. We determined binding affinity, as well as solving 1.1-1.6Å resolution crystal structures of streptavidin bound to Love-Hate ligands. Striking distortion of streptavidin's binding contacts was found for these complexes. Hydrogen bonds to biotin's ureido and thiophene rings were preserved for all the ligands, but biotin's valeryl tail was distorted from the classic conformation. Streptavidin's L3/4 loop, normally forming multiple energetically-important hydrogen bonds to biotin, was forced away by clashes with Love-Hate ligands, but Ser45 from L3/4 could adapt to hydrogen-bond to a different part of the ligand. This approach of preparing conflicted ligands represents a direct way to visualize strained biological interactions and test protein plasticity.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QU, UK.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
A, B
127Streptomyces avidiniiMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P22629 (Streptomyces avidinii)
Explore P22629 
Go to UniProtKB:  P22629
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP22629
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChains Name / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
Query on LUV

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A],
D [auth B]
(3aS,4S,6aR)-2-oxo-hexahydro-1H-thieno[3,4- d]imidazolidin-4-yl]-N-{2-[(2,6- diphenylphenyl)formamido]ethyl}pentanamide
C31 H34 N4 O3 S
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 1.06 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.153 
  • R-Value Work: 0.132 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.133 
  • Space Group: I 2 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 46.59α = 90
b = 93.93β = 90
c = 104.32γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
xia2data reduction
XSCALEdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2014-08-06
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-08-27
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2014-10-01
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2019-05-08
    Changes: Data collection, Derived calculations, Experimental preparation, Other
  • Version 1.4: 2023-12-20
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Other, Refinement description