4CHB

Crystal structure of the human KLHL2 Kelch domain in complex with a WNK4 peptide


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.56 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.194 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.178 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.6 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural and Biochemical Characterisation of the Klhl3-Wnk Kinase Interaction Important in Blood Pressure Regulation.

Schumacher, F.Sorrell, F.J.Alessi, D.R.Bullock, A.N.Kurz, T.

(2014) Biochem J 460: 237

  • DOI: 10.1042/BJ20140153
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4CHB, 4CH9

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • WNK1 [with no lysine (K)] and WNK4 regulate blood pressure by controlling the activity of ion co-transporters in the kidney. Groundbreaking work has revealed that the ubiquitylation and hence levels of WNK isoforms are controlled by a Cullin-RING E3 ubiquitin ligase complex (CRL3KLHL3) that utilizes CUL3 (Cullin3) and its substrate adaptor, KLHL3 (Kelch-like protein 3) ...

    WNK1 [with no lysine (K)] and WNK4 regulate blood pressure by controlling the activity of ion co-transporters in the kidney. Groundbreaking work has revealed that the ubiquitylation and hence levels of WNK isoforms are controlled by a Cullin-RING E3 ubiquitin ligase complex (CRL3KLHL3) that utilizes CUL3 (Cullin3) and its substrate adaptor, KLHL3 (Kelch-like protein 3). Loss-of-function mutations in either CUL3 or KLHL3 cause the hereditary high blood pressure disease Gordon's syndrome by stabilizing WNK isoforms. KLHL3 binds to a highly conserved degron motif located within the C-terminal non-catalytic domain of WNK isoforms. This interaction is essential for ubiquitylation by CRL3KLHL3 and disease-causing mutations in WNK4 and KLHL3 exert their effects on blood pressure by disrupting this interaction. In the present study, we report on the crystal structure of the KLHL3 Kelch domain in complex with the WNK4 degron motif. This reveals an intricate web of interactions between conserved residues on the surface of the Kelch domain β-propeller and the WNK4 degron motif. Importantly, many of the disease-causing mutations inhibit binding by disrupting critical interface contacts. We also present the structure of the WNK4 degron motif in complex with KLHL2 that has also been reported to bind WNK4. This confirms that KLHL2 interacts with WNK kinases in a similar manner to KLHL3, but strikingly different to how another KLHL protein, KEAP1 (Kelch-like enoyl-CoA hydratase-associated protein 1), binds to its substrate NRF2 (nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2). The present study provides further insights into how Kelch-like adaptor proteins recognize their substrates and provides a structural basis for how mutations in WNK4 and KLHL3 lead to hypertension.


    Organizational Affiliation

    *MRC Protein Phosphorylation and Ubiquitylation Unit, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dow Street, Dundee DD1 5EH, Scotland, U.K.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
KELCH-LIKE PROTEIN 2A, B302Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: KLHL2
Find proteins for O95198 (Homo sapiens)
Explore O95198 
Go to UniProtKB:  O95198
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  O95198
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
SERINE/THREONINE-PROTEIN KINASE WNK4C, D11Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: WNK4PRKWNK4
EC: 2.7.11.1
Find proteins for Q96J92 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q96J92 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q96J92
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  Q96J92
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.56 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.194 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.178 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 117.7α = 90
b = 117.7β = 90
c = 106.65γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2014-01-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-05-21
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2014-05-28
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2015-07-22
    Changes: Structure summary
  • Version 1.4: 2018-01-24
    Changes: Structure summary
  • Version 1.5: 2019-03-06
    Changes: Data collection, Experimental preparation
  • Version 1.6: 2019-05-29
    Changes: Data collection, Experimental preparation