4C2R

Crystal structure of human testis angiotensin-I converting enzyme mutant R522Q


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.201 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.203 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Molecular and Thermodynamic Mechanisms of the Chloride Dependent Human Angiotensin-I Converting Enzyme (Ace)

Yates, C.J.Masuyer, G.Schwager, S.L.U.Mohd, A.Sturrock, E.D.Acharya, K.R.

(2014) J Biol Chem 289: 1798

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M113.512335
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4C2N, 4C2O, 4C2P, 4C2Q, 4C2R

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Somatic angiotensin-converting enzyme (sACE), a key regulator of blood pressure and electrolyte fluid homeostasis, cleaves the vasoactive angiotensin-I, bradykinin, and a number of other physiologically relevant peptides. sACE consists of two homologous and catalytically active N- and C-domains, which display marked differences in substrate specificities and chloride activation ...

    Somatic angiotensin-converting enzyme (sACE), a key regulator of blood pressure and electrolyte fluid homeostasis, cleaves the vasoactive angiotensin-I, bradykinin, and a number of other physiologically relevant peptides. sACE consists of two homologous and catalytically active N- and C-domains, which display marked differences in substrate specificities and chloride activation. A series of single substitution mutants were generated and evaluated under varying chloride concentrations using isothermal titration calorimetry. The x-ray crystal structures of the mutants provided details on the chloride-dependent interactions with ACE. Chloride binding in the chloride 1 pocket of C-domain ACE was found to affect positioning of residues from the active site. Analysis of the chloride 2 pocket R522Q and R522K mutations revealed the key interactions with the catalytic site that are stabilized via chloride coordination of Arg(522). Substrate interactions in the S2 subsite were shown to affect chloride affinity in the chloride 2 pocket. The Glu(403)-Lys(118) salt bridge in C-domain ACE was shown to stabilize the hinge-bending region and reduce chloride affinity by constraining the chloride 2 pocket. This work demonstrated that substrate composition to the C-terminal side of the scissile bond as well as interactions of larger substrates in the S2 subsite moderate chloride affinity in the chloride 2 pocket of the ACE C-domain, providing a rationale for the substrate-selective nature of chloride dependence in ACE and how this varies between the N- and C-domains.


    Organizational Affiliation

    From the Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine and Division of Medical Biochemistry, University of Cape Town, Observatory 7935, South Africa and.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYMEA589Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: ACEDCPDCP1
EC: 3.2.1 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.15.1 (PDB Primary Data)
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P12821 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P12821 
Go to UniProtKB:  P12821
PHAROS:  P12821
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP12821
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseB 3N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G15407YE
GlyCosmos:  G15407YE
GlyGen:  G15407YE
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PE4
Query on PE4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
G [auth A]2-{2-[2-(2-{2-[2-(2-ETHOXY-ETHOXY)-ETHOXY]-ETHOXY}-ETHOXY)-ETHOXY]-ETHOXY}-ETHANOL
C16 H34 O8
PJWQOENWHPEPKI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A]SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
F [auth A]ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A]CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.201 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.203 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 56.45α = 90
b = 84.804β = 90
c = 134.023γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2013-12-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-02-05
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-04-03
    Changes: Data collection, Derived calculations, Other, Source and taxonomy
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Other, Structure summary