4BPW

Crystal structure of human primase bound to UTP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.253 
  • R-Value Work: 0.215 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.217 

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This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structures of Human Primase Reveal Design of Nucleotide Elongation Site and Mode of Pol Alpha Tethering

Kilkenny, M.L.Longo, M.A.Perera, R.L.Pellegrini, L.

(2013) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110: 15961

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1311185110
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4BPU, 4BPW, 4BPX

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Initiation of DNA synthesis in genomic duplication depends on primase, the DNA-dependent RNA polymerase that synthesizes de novo the oligonucleotides that prime DNA replication. Due to the discontinuous nature of DNA replication, primase activity on the lagging strand is required throughout the replication process ...

    Initiation of DNA synthesis in genomic duplication depends on primase, the DNA-dependent RNA polymerase that synthesizes de novo the oligonucleotides that prime DNA replication. Due to the discontinuous nature of DNA replication, primase activity on the lagging strand is required throughout the replication process. In eukaryotic cells, the presence of primase at the replication fork is secured by its physical association with DNA polymerase α (Pol α), which extends the RNA primer with deoxynucleotides. Our knowledge of the mechanism that primes DNA synthesis is very limited, as structural information for the eukaryotic enzyme has proved difficult to obtain. Here, we describe the crystal structure of human primase in heterodimeric form consisting of full-length catalytic subunit and a C-terminally truncated large subunit. We exploit the crystallographic model to define the architecture of its nucleotide elongation site and to show that the small subunit integrates primer initiation and elongation within the same set of functional residues. Furthermore, we define in atomic detail the mode of association of primase to Pol α, the critical interaction that keeps primase tethered to the eukaryotic replisome.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1GA, United Kingdom.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA PRIMASE SMALL SUBUNITA, C423Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: PRIM1
EC: 2.7.7
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P49642 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P49642 
Go to UniProtKB:  P49642
PHAROS:  P49642
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA PRIMASE LARGE SUBUNITB, D253Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PRIM2PRIM2A
EC: 2.7.7
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P49643 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P49643 
Go to UniProtKB:  P49643
PHAROS:  P49643
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.253 
  • R-Value Work: 0.215 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.217 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 116.394α = 90
b = 69.438β = 104.9
c = 127.087γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
Aimlessdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2013-09-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-10-16
    Changes: Database references