3ZV7

Torpedo californica Acetylcholinesterase Inhibition by Bisnorcymserine


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.26 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.206 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.206 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report



Literature

Kinetics of Torpedo Californica Acetylcholinesterase Inhibition by Bisnorcymserine and Crystal Structure of the Complex with its Leaving Group.

Bartolucci, C.Stojan, J.Yu, Q.S.Greig, N.H.Lamba, D.

(2012) Biochem J 444: 269

  • DOI: 10.1042/BJ20111675
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Natural and synthetic carbamates act as pseudo-irreversible inhibitors of AChE (acetylcholinesterase) as well as BChE (butyrylcholinesterase), two enzymes involved in neuronal function as well as in the development and progression of AD (Alzheimer's ...

    Natural and synthetic carbamates act as pseudo-irreversible inhibitors of AChE (acetylcholinesterase) as well as BChE (butyrylcholinesterase), two enzymes involved in neuronal function as well as in the development and progression of AD (Alzheimer's disease). The AChE mode of action is characterized by a rapid carbamoylation of the active-site Ser(200) with release of a leaving group followed by a slow regeneration of enzyme action due to subsequent decarbamoylation. The experimental AD therapeutic bisnorcymserine, a synthetic carbamate, shows an interesting activity and selectivity for BChE, and its clinical development is currently being pursued. We undertook detailed kinetic studies on the activity of the carbamate bisnorcymserine with Tc (Torpedo californica) AChE and, on the basis of the results, crystallized the complex between TcAChE and bisnorcymserine. The X-ray crystal structure showed only the leaving group, bisnoreseroline, trapped at the bottom of the aromatic enzyme gorge. Specifically, bisnoreseroline interacts in a non-covalent way with Ser(200) and His(440), disrupting the existing interactions within the catalytic triad, and it stacks with Trp(84) at the bottom of the gorge, giving rise to an unprecedented hydrogen-bonding contact. These interactions point to a dominant reversible inhibition mechanism attributable to the leaving group, bisnoreseroline, as revealed by kinetic analysis.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Istituto di Cristallografia, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Area della Ricerca di Roma, Monterotondo Scalo, Italy. cecilia.bartolucci@ic.cnr.it



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ACETYLCHOLINESTERASEA543Tetronarce californicaMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ache
EC: 3.1.1.7
Find proteins for P04058 (Tetronarce californica)
Explore P04058 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04058
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
B
2 N-Glycosylation
Small Molecules
Ligands 7 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
1PE
Query on 1PE

Download CCD File 
A
PENTAETHYLENE GLYCOL
C10 H22 O6
JLFNLZLINWHATN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

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A
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MES
Query on MES

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A
2-(N-MORPHOLINO)-ETHANESULFONIC ACID
C6 H13 N O4 S
SXGZJKUKBWWHRA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NHG
Query on NHG

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A
BIS-NORESEROLINE
C11 H14 N2 O
BLEHTFVVORLVPX-MNOVXSKESA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PEG
Query on PEG

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A
DI(HYDROXYETHYL)ETHER
C4 H10 O3
MTHSVFCYNBDYFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

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A
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
NHGKi :  1200   nM  PDBBind
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.26 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.206 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.206 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 111.008α = 90
b = 111.008β = 90
c = 137.387γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-05-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-01-30
    Changes: Data collection, Experimental preparation, Other
  • Version 1.2: 2019-02-06
    Changes: Data collection, Experimental preparation
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Other, Structure summary