3ZHC

Structure of the phytase from Citrobacter braakii at 2.3 angstrom resolution.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.237 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Mechanism of Protein Kinetic Stabilization by Engineered Disulfide Crosslinks

Wilson, K.S.Ariza, A.Sanchez-Romero, I.Skjot, M.Vind, J.Demaria, L.Skov, L.K.Sanchez-Ruiz, J.M.

(2013) PLoS One 8: 70013

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0070013
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3ZHC

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The impact of disulfide bonds on protein stability goes beyond simple equilibrium thermodynamics effects associated with the conformational entropy of the unfolded state. Indeed, disulfide crosslinks may play a role in the prevention of dysfunctional association and strongly affect the rates of irreversible enzyme inactivation, highly relevant in biotechnological applications ...

    The impact of disulfide bonds on protein stability goes beyond simple equilibrium thermodynamics effects associated with the conformational entropy of the unfolded state. Indeed, disulfide crosslinks may play a role in the prevention of dysfunctional association and strongly affect the rates of irreversible enzyme inactivation, highly relevant in biotechnological applications. While these kinetic-stability effects remain poorly understood, by analogy with proposed mechanisms for processes of protein aggregation and fibrillogenesis, we propose that they may be determined by the properties of sparsely-populated, partially-unfolded intermediates. Here we report the successful design, on the basis of high temperature molecular-dynamics simulations, of six thermodynamically and kinetically stabilized variants of phytase from Citrobacter braakii (a biotechnologically important enzyme) with one, two or three engineered disulfides. Activity measurements and 3D crystal structure determination demonstrate that the engineered crosslinks do not cause dramatic alterations in the native structure. The inactivation kinetics for all the variants displays a strongly non-Arrhenius temperature dependence, with the time-scale for the irreversible denaturation process reaching a minimum at a given temperature within the range of the denaturation transition. We show this striking feature to be a signature of a key role played by a partially unfolded, intermediate state/ensemble. Energetic and mutational analyses confirm that the intermediate is highly unfolded (akin to a proposed critical intermediate in the misfolding of the prion protein), a result that explains the observed kinetic stabilization. Our results provide a rationale for the kinetic-stability consequences of disulfide-crosslink engineering and an experimental methodology to arrive at energetic/structural descriptions of the sparsely populated and elusive intermediates that play key roles in irreversible protein denaturation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Facultad de Ciencias, Departamento de Quimica Fisica, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain. sanchezr@ugr.es



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PHYTASEA, B433Citrobacter braakiiMutation(s): 2 
UniProt
Find proteins for Q2VY22 (Citrobacter braakii)
Explore Q2VY22 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q2VY22
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ2VY22
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FMT
Query on FMT

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A],
D [auth A],
E [auth A],
F [auth A],
G [auth A],
C [auth A],
D [auth A],
E [auth A],
F [auth A],
G [auth A],
H [auth A],
I [auth A],
N [auth B],
O [auth B],
P [auth B],
Q [auth B],
R [auth B],
S [auth B],
T [auth B],
U [auth B],
V [auth B]
FORMIC ACID
C H2 O2
BDAGIHXWWSANSR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
AA [auth B],
BA [auth B],
J [auth A],
K [auth A],
L [auth A],
AA [auth B],
BA [auth B],
J [auth A],
K [auth A],
L [auth A],
M [auth A],
W [auth B],
X [auth B],
Y [auth B],
Z [auth B]
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.237 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 121.51α = 90
b = 121.51β = 90
c = 129.11γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2013-08-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-08-09
    Changes: Data collection