Lessons from (S)-6-(1-(6-(1-Methyl-1H-Pyrazol-4-Yl)-[1,2, 4]Triazolo[4,3-B]Pyridazin-3-Yl)Ethyl)Quinoline (Pf-04254644), an Inhibitor of Receptor Tyrosine Kinase C-met with High Protein Kinase Selectivity But Broad Phosphodiesterase Family Inhibition Leading to Myocardial Degeneration in Rats.Cui, J.J., Shen, H., Tran-Dube, M., Nambu, M., Mctigue, M., Grodsky, N., Ryan, K., Yamazaki, S., Aguirre, S., Parker, M., Li, Q., Zou, H., Christensen, J.
(2013) J Med Chem 56: 6651
- PubMed: 23944843
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/jm400926x
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
3ZBX, 3ZC5, 3ZCL
- PubMed Abstract:
The hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)/c-Met signaling axis is deregulated in many cancers and plays important roles in tumor invasive growth and metastasis. An exclusively selective c-Met inhibitor (S)-6-(1-(6-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-b]pyridazin-3-yl)ethyl)quinoline (8) was discovered from a highly selective high-throughput screening hit via structure-based drug design and medicinal chemistry lead optimization. Compound 8 had many attractive properties meriting preclinical evaluation. Broad off-target screens identified 8 as a pan-phosphodiesterase (PDE) family inhibitor, which was implicated in a sustained increase in heart rate, increased cardiac output, and decreased contractility indices, as well as myocardial degeneration in in vivo safety evaluations in rats. Compound 8 was terminated as a preclinical candidate because of a narrow therapeutic window in cardio-related safety. The learning from multiparameter lead optimization and strategies to avoid the toxicity attrition at the late stage of drug discovery are discussed.
La Jolla Laboratories, Pfizer Worldwide Research and Development , 10770 Science Center Drive, San Diego, California 92121, United States.