Crystal structures of the human adiponectin receptorsTanabe, H., Fujii, Y., Okada-Iwabu, M., Iwabu, M., Nakamura, Y., Hosaka, T., Motoyama, K., Ikeda, M., Wakiyama, M., Terada, T., Ohsawa, N., Hato, M., Ogasawara, S., Hino, T., Murata, T., Iwata, S., Hirata, K., Kawano, Y., Yamamoto, M., Kimura-Someya, T., Shirouzu, M., Yamauchi, T., Kadowaki, T., Yokoyama, S.
(2015) Nature 520: 312-316
- PubMed: 25855295
- DOI: 10.1038/nature14301
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:  3WXW
- PubMed Abstract:
Adiponectin stimulation of its receptors, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2, increases the activities of 5' AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR), respectively, thereby contributing to healthy longevity as key an ...
Adiponectin stimulation of its receptors, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2, increases the activities of 5' AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR), respectively, thereby contributing to healthy longevity as key anti-diabetic molecules. AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 were predicted to contain seven transmembrane helices with the opposite topology to G-protein-coupled receptors. Here we report the crystal structures of human AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 at 2.9 and 2.4 Å resolution, respectively, which represent a novel class of receptor structure. The seven-transmembrane helices, conformationally distinct from those of G-protein-coupled receptors, enclose a large cavity where three conserved histidine residues coordinate a zinc ion. The zinc-binding structure may have a role in the adiponectin-stimulated AMPK phosphorylation and UCP2 upregulation. Adiponectin may broadly interact with the extracellular face, rather than the carboxy-terminal tail, of the receptors. The present information will facilitate the understanding of novel structure-function relationships and the development and optimization of AdipoR agonists for the treatment of obesity-related diseases, such as type 2 diabetes.
RIKEN Systems and Structural Biology Center, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan.