Extended Loop Region of Hcp1 is Critical for the Assembly and Function of Type VI Secretion System in Burkholderia pseudomallei.Lim, Y.T., Jobichen, C., Wong, J., Limmathurotsakul, D., Li, S., Chen, Y., Raida, M., Srinivasan, N., MacAry, P.A., Sivaraman, J., Gan, Y.H.
(2015) Sci Rep 5: 8235-8235
- PubMed: 25648885
- DOI: 10.1038/srep08235
- PubMed Abstract:
The Type VI Secretion System cluster 1 (T6SS1) is essential for the pathogenesis of Burkholderia pseudomallei, the causative agent of melioidosis, a disease endemic in the tropics. Inside host cells, B. pseudomallei escapes into the cytosol and throu ...
The Type VI Secretion System cluster 1 (T6SS1) is essential for the pathogenesis of Burkholderia pseudomallei, the causative agent of melioidosis, a disease endemic in the tropics. Inside host cells, B. pseudomallei escapes into the cytosol and through T6SS1, induces multinucleated giant cell (MNGC) formation that is thought to be important for bacterial cell to cell spread. The hemolysin-coregulated protein (Hcp) is both a T6SS substrate, as well as postulated to form part of the T6SS secretion tube. Our structural study reveals that Hcp1 forms hexameric rings similar to the other Hcp homologs but has an extended loop (Asp40-Arg56) that deviates significantly in position compared to other Hcp structures and may act as a key contact point between adjacent hexameric rings. When two residues within the loop were mutated, the mutant proteins were unable to stack as dodecamers, suggesting defective tube assembly. Moreover, infection with a bacterial mutant containing in situ substitution of these hcp1 residues abolishes Hcp1 secretion inside infected cells and MNGC formation. We further show that Hcp has the ability to preferentially bind to the surface of antigen-presenting cells, which may contribute to its immunogenicity in inducing high titers of antibodies seen in melioidosis patients.
1] Department of Microbiology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore  NUS Graduate School of Integrative Sciences and Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore  Life Sciences Institute, Immunology Program, National University of Singapore, Singapore.