3VKX

Structure of PCNA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Identification of small molecule proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) inhibitor that disrupts interactions with PIP-box proteins and inhibits DNA replication

Punchihewa, C.Inoue, A.Hishiki, A.Fujikawa, Y.Connelly, M.Evison, B.Shao, Y.Heath, R.Kuraoka, I.Rodrigues, P.Hashimoto, H.Kawanishi, M.Sato, M.Yagi, T.Fujii, N.

(2012) J.Biol.Chem. 287: 14289-14300

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M112.353201

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • We have discovered that 3,3',5-triiodothyronine (T3) inhibits binding of a PIP-box sequence peptide to proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) protein by competing for the same binding site, as evidenced by the co-crystal structure of the PCNA-T3 c ...

    We have discovered that 3,3',5-triiodothyronine (T3) inhibits binding of a PIP-box sequence peptide to proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) protein by competing for the same binding site, as evidenced by the co-crystal structure of the PCNA-T3 complex at 2.1 Å resolution. Based on this observation, we have designed a novel, non-peptide small molecule PCNA inhibitor, T2 amino alcohol (T2AA), a T3 derivative that lacks thyroid hormone activity. T2AA inhibited interaction of PCNA/PIP-box peptide with an IC(50) of ~1 μm and also PCNA and full-length p21 protein, the tightest PCNA ligand protein known to date. T2AA abolished interaction of PCNA and DNA polymerase δ in cellular chromatin. De novo DNA synthesis was inhibited by T2AA, and the cells were arrested in S-phase. T2AA inhibited growth of cancer cells with induction of early apoptosis. Concurrently, Chk1 and RPA32 in the chromatin are phosphorylated, suggesting that T2AA causes DNA replication stress by stalling DNA replication forks. T2AA significantly inhibited translesion DNA synthesis on a cisplatin-cross-linked template in cells. When cells were treated with a combination of cisplatin and T2AA, a significant increase in phospho(Ser(139))histone H2AX induction and cell growth inhibition was observed.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemical Biology and Therapeutics, St Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Proliferating cell nuclear antigen
A
261Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PCNA
Find proteins for P12004 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: PCNA
Go to UniProtKB:  P12004
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
T3
Query on T3

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
3,5,3'TRIIODOTHYRONINE
T3; THYROID HORMONE; LIOTHYRONINE
C15 H12 I3 N O4
AUYYCJSJGJYCDS-LBPRGKRZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

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Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
T3IC50: 3600 nM (100) BINDINGDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • Space Group: I 21 3
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 143.107α = 90.00
b = 143.107β = 90.00
c = 143.107γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-03-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-08-14
    Type: Database references