3TKW

Crystal structure of HIV protease model precursor/Darunavir complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.55 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.164 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.167 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Terminal interface conformations modulate dimer stability prior to amino terminal autoprocessing of HIV-1 protease.

Agniswamy, J.Sayer, J.M.Weber, I.T.Louis, J.M.

(2012) Biochemistry 51: 1041-1050

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi201809s
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The HIV-1 protease (PR) mediates its own release (autoprocessing) from the polyprotein precursor, Gag-Pol, flanked by the transframe region (TFR) and reverse transcriptase at its N- and C-termini, respectively. Autoprocessing at the N-terminus of PR ...

    The HIV-1 protease (PR) mediates its own release (autoprocessing) from the polyprotein precursor, Gag-Pol, flanked by the transframe region (TFR) and reverse transcriptase at its N- and C-termini, respectively. Autoprocessing at the N-terminus of PR mediates stable dimer formation essential for catalytic activity, leading to the formation of infectious virus. An antiparallel β-sheet interface formed by the four N- and C-terminal residues of each subunit is important for dimer stability. Here, we present the first high-resolution crystal structures of model protease precursor-clinical inhibitor (PI darunavir or saquinavir) complexes, revealing varying conformations of the N-terminal flanking (S(-4)FNF(-1)) and interface residues (P(1)QIT(4)). A 180° rotation of the T(4)-L(5) peptide bond is accompanied by a new Q(2)-L(5) hydrogen bond and complete disengagement of PQIT from the β-sheet dimer interface, which may be a feature for intramolecular autoprocessing. This result is consistent with drastically lower thermal stability by 14-20 °C of PI complexes of precursors and the mature PR lacking its PQIT residues (by 18.3 °C). Similar to the TFR-PR precursor, this deletion also results in a darunavir dissociation constant (2 × 10(4))-fold higher and a markedly increased dimer dissociation constant relative to the mature PR. The terminal β-sheet perturbations of the dimeric structure likely account for the drastically poorer inhibition of autoprocessing of TFR-PR relative to the mature PR, even though significant differences in active site-PI interactions in these structures were not observed. The novel conformations of the dimer interface may be exploited to target selectively the protease precursor prior to its N-terminal cleavage.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biology, Molecular Basis of Disease Program, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, United States.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Protease
A, B
103Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (BRU ISOLATE)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: gag-pol
EC: 3.4.23.16 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.7.49 (UniProt), 2.7.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1.26.13 (UniProt), 3.1.13.2 (UniProt), 2.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P03366 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate BH10))
Go to UniProtKB:  P03366
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
017
Query on 017

Download CCD File 
B
(3R,3AS,6AR)-HEXAHYDROFURO[2,3-B]FURAN-3-YL(1S,2R)-3-[[(4-AMINOPHENYL)SULFONYL](ISOBUTYL)AMINO]-1-BENZYL-2-HYDROXYPROPYLCARBAMATE
C27 H37 N3 O7 S
CJBJHOAVZSMMDJ-HEXNFIEUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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B
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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A, B
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

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A
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
17Kd :  5400   nM  PDBBind
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.55 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.164 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.167 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 59.317α = 90
b = 86.223β = 90
c = 45.951γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SERGUIdata collection
PHASERphasing
SHELXL-97refinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-04-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-11-08
    Changes: Refinement description