3R63

Structure of ERK2 (SPE) mutant (S246E)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.245 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.191 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Nuclear ERK translocation is mediated by protein kinase CK2 and accelerated by autophosphorylation.

Plotnikov, A.Chuderland, D.Karamansha, Y.Livnah, O.Seger, R.

(2011) Mol Cell Biol 31: 3515-3530

  • DOI: 10.1128/MCB.05424-11
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3R63

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) are members of the mitogen-activated protein kinase [MAPK] family. Upon stimulation, these kinases translocate from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, where they induce physiological processes such as proliferation and differentiation ...

    The extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) are members of the mitogen-activated protein kinase [MAPK] family. Upon stimulation, these kinases translocate from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, where they induce physiological processes such as proliferation and differentiation. The mechanism of translocation of this kinase involves phosphorylation of two Ser residues within a nuclear translocation signal (NTS), which allows binding to importin7 and a subsequent penetration via nuclear pores. Here we show that the phosphorylation of both Ser residues is mediated mainly by casein kinase 2 (CK2) and that active ERK may assist in the phosphorylation of the N-terminal Ser. We also demonstrate that the phosphorylation is dependent on the release of ERK from cytoplasmic anchoring proteins. Crystal structure of the phosphomimetic ERK revealed that the NTS phosphorylation creates an acidic patch in ERK. Our model is that in resting cells ERK is bound to cytoplasmic anchors, which prevent its NTS phosphorylation. Upon stimulation, phosphorylation of the ERK TEY domain releases ERK and allows phosphorylation of its NTS by CK2 and active ERK to generate a negatively charged patch in ERK, binding to importin 7 and nuclear translocation. These results provide an important role of CK2 in regulating nuclear ERK activities.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biological Regulation, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Mitogen-activated protein kinase 1A358Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: Mapk1Erk2MapkPrkm1
EC: 2.7.11.24
UniProt
Find proteins for P63086 (Rattus norvegicus)
Explore P63086 
Go to UniProtKB:  P63086
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP63086
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.245 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.191 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 48.77α = 90
b = 69.999β = 109.04
c = 60.117γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2011-08-17
    Type: Initial release