3R29

Crystal structure of RXRalpha ligand-binding domain complexed with corepressor SMRT2


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.326 
  • R-Value Work: 0.240 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.244 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis for retinoic x receptor repression on the tetramer.

Zhang, H.Chen, L.Chen, J.Jiang, H.Shen, X.

(2011) J Biol Chem 286: 24593-24598

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M111.245498
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3R2A, 3R29

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Retinoic X receptor (RXR) is a master nuclear receptor in the processes of cell development and homeostasis. Unliganded RXR exists in an autorepressed tetramer, and agonists can induce RXR dimerization and coactivator recruitment for activation. However, the molecular mechanisms involving the corepressor recruitment and antagonist-mediated repression of RXR are still elusive ...

    Retinoic X receptor (RXR) is a master nuclear receptor in the processes of cell development and homeostasis. Unliganded RXR exists in an autorepressed tetramer, and agonists can induce RXR dimerization and coactivator recruitment for activation. However, the molecular mechanisms involving the corepressor recruitment and antagonist-mediated repression of RXR are still elusive. Here we report the crystal structure of RXRα ligand-binding domain (LBD) complexed with silencing mediator for retinoid and thyroid hormone receptors (SMRT) corepressor motif. As the first structural report on the unliganded nuclear receptor bound to the corepressor motif, RXRαLBD-SMRT exhibits a significant structural rearrangement, compared with apoRXRαLBD tetramer. To elucidate further the molecular determinants for RXR repression by its antagonist, we also determine the crystal structure of RXRαLBD-SMRT complexed with the identified antagonist rhein. In the structure, two rhein molecules and two SMRT peptides are in the RXRαLBD tetramer, different from the case in RXRαLBD-SMRT structure, where four SMRT peptides bind to RXRαLBD tetramer. It seems that rhein induces a displacement of SMRT motif by activation function 2 (AF-2) motif binding to the receptor. Combining our current work with the published results, structural superposition of RXRαLBDs in different states reveals that RXR uses an overlapped binding site for coactivator, corepressor, and AF-2 motifs, whereas the AF-2 motif adopts different conformations for agonist or antagonist interaction and coactivator or corepressor recruitment. Taken together, we thus propose a molecular model of RXR repression on the tetramer.


    Organizational Affiliation

    State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Retinoic acid receptor RXR-alphaA, B240Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RXRANR2B1
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P19793 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P19793 
Go to UniProtKB:  P19793
PHAROS:  P19793
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Nuclear receptor corepressor 2C, D16Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: NCOR2CTG26
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q9Y618 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q9Y618 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9Y618
PHAROS:  Q9Y618
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.326 
  • R-Value Work: 0.240 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.244 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 118.22α = 90
b = 118.22β = 90
c = 84.02γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
AMoREphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2011-05-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-27
    Changes: Database references