3Q3Q

Crystal Structure of SPAP: an novel alkaline phosphatase from bacterium Sphingomonas sp. strain BSAR-1


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.186 
  • R-Value Work: 0.155 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.157 

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Literature

X-ray structure reveals a new class and provides insight into evolution of alkaline phosphatases

Bihani, S.C.Das, A.Nilgiriwala, K.S.Prashar, V.Pirocchi, M.Apte, S.K.Ferrer, J.-L.Hosur, M.V.

(2011) PLoS One 6: e22767-e22767

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0022767
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3Q3Q

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The alkaline phosphatase (AP) is a bi-metalloenzyme of potential applications in biotechnology and bioremediation, in which phosphate monoesters are nonspecifically hydrolysed under alkaline conditions to yield inorganic phosphate. The hydrolysis occurs through an enzyme intermediate in which the catalytic residue is phosphorylated ...

    The alkaline phosphatase (AP) is a bi-metalloenzyme of potential applications in biotechnology and bioremediation, in which phosphate monoesters are nonspecifically hydrolysed under alkaline conditions to yield inorganic phosphate. The hydrolysis occurs through an enzyme intermediate in which the catalytic residue is phosphorylated. The reaction, which also requires a third metal ion, is proposed to proceed through a mechanism of in-line displacement involving a trigonal bipyramidal transition state. Stabilizing the transition state by bidentate hydrogen bonding has been suggested to be the reason for conservation of an arginine residue in the active site. We report here the first crystal structure of alkaline phosphatase purified from the bacterium Sphingomonas. sp. Strain BSAR-1 (SPAP). The crystal structure reveals many differences from other APs: 1) the catalytic residue is a threonine instead of serine, 2) there is no third metal ion binding pocket, and 3) the arginine residue forming bidentate hydrogen bonding is deleted in SPAP. A lysine and an aspargine residue, recruited together for the first time into the active site, bind the substrate phosphoryl group in a manner not observed before in any other AP. These and other structural features suggest that SPAP represents a new class of APs. Because of its direct contact with the substrate phosphoryl group, the lysine residue is proposed to play a significant role in catalysis. The structure is consistent with a mechanism of in-line displacement via a trigonal bipyramidal transition state. The structure provides important insights into evolutionary relationships between members of AP superfamily.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, India.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Alkaline phosphatase A565Sphingomonas sp. BSAR-1Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: phoK
EC: 3.1.3.1
Find proteins for A1YYW7 (Sphingomonas sp)
Explore A1YYW7 
Go to UniProtKB:  A1YYW7
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.186 
  • R-Value Work: 0.155 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.157 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 87.37α = 90
b = 87.37β = 90
c = 168.16γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2011-12-28
    Type: Initial release