3PO2

Arrested RNA Polymerase II elongation complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.178 
  • R-Value Work: 0.153 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural basis of RNA polymerase II backtracking, arrest and reactivation.

Cheung, A.C.Cramer, P.

(2011) Nature 471: 249-253

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature09785
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  3PO3

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • During gene transcription, RNA polymerase (Pol) II moves forwards along DNA and synthesizes messenger RNA. However, at certain DNA sequences, Pol II moves backwards, and such backtracking can arrest transcription. Arrested Pol II is reactivated by tr ...

    During gene transcription, RNA polymerase (Pol) II moves forwards along DNA and synthesizes messenger RNA. However, at certain DNA sequences, Pol II moves backwards, and such backtracking can arrest transcription. Arrested Pol II is reactivated by transcription factor IIS (TFIIS), which induces RNA cleavage that is required for cell viability. Pol II arrest and reactivation are involved in transcription through nucleosomes and in promoter-proximal gene regulation. Here we present X-ray structures at 3.3 Å resolution of an arrested Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pol II complex with DNA and RNA, and of a reactivation intermediate that additionally contains TFIIS. In the arrested complex, eight nucleotides of backtracked RNA bind a conserved 'backtrack site' in the Pol II pore and funnel, trapping the active centre trigger loop and inhibiting mRNA elongation. In the reactivation intermediate, TFIIS locks the trigger loop away from backtracked RNA, displaces RNA from the backtrack site, and complements the polymerase active site with a basic and two acidic residues that may catalyse proton transfers during RNA cleavage. The active site is demarcated from the backtrack site by a 'gating tyrosine' residue that probably delimits backtracking. These results establish the structural basis of Pol II backtracking, arrest and reactivation, and provide a framework for analysing gene regulation during transcription elongation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Feodor-Lynen-Str. 25, 81377 Munich, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB1
A
1733Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPO21 (RPB1, RPB220, SUA8)
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for P04050 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P04050
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB2
B
1224Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB2 (RPB150, RPO22)
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for P08518 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P08518
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB3
C
318Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB3
Find proteins for P16370 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P16370
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB4
D
221Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB4
Find proteins for P20433 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P20433
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerases I, II, and III subunit RPABC1
E
215Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB5 (RPA7, RPC9)
Find proteins for P20434 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P20434
Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerases I, II, and III subunit RPABC2
F
155Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPO26 (RPB6)
Find proteins for P20435 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P20435
Entity ID: 7
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB7
G
171Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB7
Find proteins for P34087 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P34087
Entity ID: 8
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerases I, II, and III subunit RPABC3
H
146Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB8
Find proteins for P20436 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P20436
Entity ID: 9
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB9
I
122Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB9
Find proteins for P27999 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P27999
Entity ID: 10
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerases I, II, and III subunit RPABC5
J
70Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB10
Find proteins for P22139 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P22139
Entity ID: 11
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB11
K
120Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB11
Find proteins for P38902 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P38902
Entity ID: 12
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerases I, II, and III subunit RPABC4
L
70Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPC10 (RPB12)
Find proteins for P40422 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P40422
Entity ID: 13
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA non-template strandN14N/A
Entity ID: 14
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
RNA product strandP15N/A
Entity ID: 15
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA template strandT27N/A
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
EPE
Query on EPE

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Download CCD File 
D
4-(2-HYDROXYETHYL)-1-PIPERAZINE ETHANESULFONIC ACID
HEPES
C8 H18 N2 O4 S
JKMHFZQWWAIEOD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

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Download CCD File 
A, B, C, I, J, L
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

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Download CCD File 
A
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PEG
Query on PEG

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Download CCD File 
G
DI(HYDROXYETHYL)ETHER
C4 H10 O3
MTHSVFCYNBDYFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
BRU
Query on BRU
T
DNA LINKINGC9 H12 Br N2 O8 PDU
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.178 
  • R-Value Work: 0.153 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 224.570α = 90.00
b = 394.550β = 90.00
c = 282.140γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
BUSTERrefinement
RemDAqdata collection
PHASERphasing
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-03-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-08
    Type: Refinement description