3NPS

Crystal structure of membrane-type serine protease 1 (MT-SP1) in complex with the Fab Inhibitor S4


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.228 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.190 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

A reverse binding motif that contributes to specific protease inhibition by antibodies.

Schneider, E.L.Lee, M.S.Baharuddin, A.Goetz, D.H.Farady, C.J.Ward, M.Wang, C.I.Craik, C.S.

(2012) J Mol Biol 415: 699-715

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2011.11.036
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3NPS, 3SO3

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The type II transmembrane serine protease family consists of 18 closely related serine proteases that are implicated in multiple functions. To identify selective, inhibitory antibodies against one particular type II transmembrane serine protease, mat ...

    The type II transmembrane serine protease family consists of 18 closely related serine proteases that are implicated in multiple functions. To identify selective, inhibitory antibodies against one particular type II transmembrane serine protease, matriptase [MT-SP1 (membrane-type serine protease 1)], a phage display library was created with a natural repertoire of Fabs [fragment antigen binding (Fab)] from human naïve B cells. Fab A11 was identified with a 720 pM inhibition constant and high specificity for matriptase over other trypsin-fold serine proteases. A Trichoderma reesei system expressed A11 with a yield of ∼200 mg/L. The crystal structure of A11 in complex with matriptase has been determined and compared to the crystal structure of another antibody inhibitor (S4) in complex with matriptase. Previously discovered from a synthetic single-chain variable fragment library, S4 is also a highly selective and potent matriptase inhibitor. The crystal structures of the A11/matriptase and S4/matriptase complexes were solved to 2.1 Å and 1.5 Å, respectively. Although these antibodies, discovered from separate libraries, interact differently with the protease surface loops for their specificity, the structures reveal a similar novel mechanism of protease inhibition. Through the insertion of the H3 variable loop in a reverse orientation at the substrate-binding pocket, these antibodies bury a large surface area for potent inhibition and avoid proteolytic inactivation. This discovery highlights the critical role that the antibody scaffold plays in positioning loops to bind and inhibit protease function in a highly selective manner. Additionally, Fab A11 is a fully human antibody that specifically inhibits matriptase over other closely related proteases, suggesting that this approach could be useful for clinical applications.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California, San Francisco, Genentech Hall, San Francisco, CA 94143-2280, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Suppressor of tumorigenicity 14 proteinA241Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: PRSS14SNC19ST14TADG15
EC: 3.4.21.109
Find proteins for Q9Y5Y6 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q9Y5Y6 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9Y5Y6
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  Q9Y5Y6
Protein Feature View
 ( Mouse scroll to zoom / Hold left click to move )
  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
S4 FAB HEAVY CHAINB226Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
 ( Mouse scroll to zoom / Hold left click to move )
  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
S4 FAB LIGHT CHAINC211Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
 ( Mouse scroll to zoom / Hold left click to move )
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
EDO
Query on EDO

Download CCD File 
A, B, C
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download CCD File 
A, B, C
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.228 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.190 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 39.161α = 90
b = 83.988β = 91.45
c = 101.394γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2010-06-29 
  • Released Date: 2011-07-06 
  • Deposition Author(s): Baharuddin, A.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-07-06
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2012-02-29
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-08
    Changes: Refinement description