3MJS

Structure of A-type Ketoreductases from Modular Polyketide Synthase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.226 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.200 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural and Functional Analysis of A-Type Ketoreductases from the Amphotericin Modular Polyketide Synthase.

Zheng, J.Taylor, C.A.Piasecki, S.K.Keatinge-Clay, A.T.

(2010) Structure 18: 913-922

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.str.2010.04.015
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Complex polyketides are characterized by multiple chiral centers harboring hydroxyl and alkyl substituents. To investigate the mechanisms by which these stereocenters are set, several high-resolution structures of the ketoreductase (KR) domain from t ...

    Complex polyketides are characterized by multiple chiral centers harboring hydroxyl and alkyl substituents. To investigate the mechanisms by which these stereocenters are set, several high-resolution structures of the ketoreductase (KR) domain from the second module of the amphotericin modular polyketide synthase (PKS) were solved. This first structural analysis of an A-type KR helps reveal how these KRs direct polyketide intermediates into their active sites from the side opposite that used by B-type KRs, resulting in a beta-hydroxyl group of opposite stereochemistry. A comparison of structures obtained in the absence and presence of ligands reveals an induced fit mechanism that is important for catalysis. Activity assays of mutants of KRs from the first and second modules of the amphotericin PKS reveal the relative contributions of several active site residues toward catalysis and stereocontrol. Together, these results highlight the possibility of region-specific modification of polyketides through active site engineering of KRs.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712-0165, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
AmphBA, B496Streptomyces nodosusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: amphB
EC: 1.1.1.100
Find proteins for Q93NW7 (Streptomyces nodosus)
Explore Q93NW7 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q93NW7
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NDP
Query on NDP

Download CCD File 
A, B
NADPH DIHYDRO-NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHATE
C21 H30 N7 O17 P3
ACFIXJIJDZMPPO-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
LMR
Query on LMR

Download CCD File 
A
(2S)-2-hydroxybutanedioic acid
C4 H6 O5
BJEPYKJPYRNKOW-REOHCLBHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MLT
Query on MLT

Download CCD File 
A, B
D-MALATE
C4 H6 O5
BJEPYKJPYRNKOW-UWTATZPHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download CCD File 
A, B
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.226 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.200 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 61.439α = 72.77
b = 63.71β = 67.09
c = 71.824γ = 89.79
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
PHASESphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-08-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2012-02-22
    Changes: Non-polymer description