3MDL

X-ray crystal structure of 1-arachidonoyl glycerol bound to the cyclooxygenase channel of cyclooxygenase-2


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.215 
  • R-Value Work: 0.165 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The structural basis of endocannabinoid oxygenation by cyclooxygenase-2.

Vecchio, A.J.Malkowski, M.G.

(2011) J.Biol.Chem. 286: 20736-20745

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M111.230367
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  3OLT, 3OLU

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The cyclooxygenases (COX-1 and COX-2) oxygenate arachidonic acid (AA) in the committed step of prostaglandin biogenesis. Substitutions of I434V, H513R, and I523V constitute the only differences in residues lining the cyclooxygenase channel between CO ...

    The cyclooxygenases (COX-1 and COX-2) oxygenate arachidonic acid (AA) in the committed step of prostaglandin biogenesis. Substitutions of I434V, H513R, and I523V constitute the only differences in residues lining the cyclooxygenase channel between COX-1 and COX-2. These changes create a hydrophobic pocket in COX-2, with Arg-513 located at the base of the pocket, which has been exploited in the design of COX-2-selective inhibitors. Previous studies have shown that COX-2, but not COX-1, can oxygenate endocannabinoid substrates, including 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG). To investigate the isoform-specific structural basis of endocannabinoid binding to COX-2, we determined the crystal structure of the 2-AG isomer 1-arachidonoyl glycerol (1-AG) in complex with wild type and R513H murine (mu) COX-2 to 2.2 and 2.35 Å, respectively, and R513H muCOX-2 in complex with AA to 2.45 Å resolution. The 2,3-dihydroxypropyl moiety of 1-AG binds near the opening of the cyclooxygenase channel in the space vacated by the movement of the Leu-531 side chain, validating our previous hypothesis implicating the flexibility of the Leu-531 side chain as a determinant for the ability of COX-2 to oxygenate endocannabinoid substrates. Functional analyses carried out to compliment our structural findings indicated that Y355F and R513H muCOX-2 constructs had no effect on the oxygenation of 1-AG and 2-AG, whereas substitutions that resulted in a shortened side chain for Leu-531 had only modest effects. Both AA and 1-AG bind to R513H muCOX-2 in conformations similar to those observed in the co-crystal structures of these substrates with wild type enzyme.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Structural Biology, Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research Institute,The State University of New York, Buffalo, New York 14203, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Prostaglandin G/H synthase 2
A, B
587Mus musculusGene Names: Ptgs2 (Cox-2, Cox2, Pghs-b, Tis10)
EC: 1.14.99.1
Find proteins for Q05769 (Mus musculus)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q05769
Small Molecules
Ligands 7 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

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A, B
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MAN
Query on MAN

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A
ALPHA-D-MANNOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-PQMKYFCFSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
COH
Query on COH

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A, B
PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING CO
C34 H32 Co N4 O4
AQTFKGDWFRRIHR-CTESUSPADG
 Ligand Interaction
AKR
Query on AKR

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A, B
ACRYLIC ACID
C3 H4 O2
NIXOWILDQLNWCW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
1AG
Query on 1AG

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A, B
(2S)-2,3-dihydroxypropyl (5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)-icosa-5,8,11,14-tetraenoate
C23 H38 O4
DCPCOKIYJYGMDN-HUDVFFLJSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

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A, B
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BOG
Query on BOG

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A
B-OCTYLGLUCOSIDE
C14 H28 O6
HEGSGKPQLMEBJL-RKQHYHRCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.215 
  • R-Value Work: 0.165 
  • Space Group: I 2 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 118.958α = 90.00
b = 131.773β = 90.00
c = 179.858γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
SCALAdata scaling
MOSFLMdata reduction
PHASERphasing
Adxvdata processing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-04-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-08
    Type: Refinement description