3MB8

Crystal structure of purine nucleoside phosphorylase from toxoplasma gondii in complex with immucillin-H


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.243 
  • R-Value Work: 0.221 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Inhibition and Structure of Toxoplasma gondii Purine Nucleoside Phosphorylase.

Donaldson, T.M.Cassera, M.B.Ho, M.C.Zhan, C.Merino, E.F.Evans, G.B.Tyler, P.C.Almo, S.C.Schramm, V.L.Kim, K.

(2014) Eukaryot Cell 13: 572-579

  • DOI: 10.1128/EC.00308-13

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The intracellular pathogen Toxoplasma gondii is a purine auxotroph that relies on purine salvage for proliferation. We have optimized T. gondii purine nucleoside phosphorylase (TgPNP) stability and crystallized TgPNP with phosphate and immucillin-H, ...

    The intracellular pathogen Toxoplasma gondii is a purine auxotroph that relies on purine salvage for proliferation. We have optimized T. gondii purine nucleoside phosphorylase (TgPNP) stability and crystallized TgPNP with phosphate and immucillin-H, a transition-state analogue that has high affinity for the enzyme. Immucillin-H bound to TgPNP with a dissociation constant of 370 pM, the highest affinity of 11 immucillins selected to probe the catalytic site. The specificity for transition-state analogues indicated an early dissociative transition state for TgPNP. Compared to Plasmodium falciparum PNP, large substituents surrounding the 5'-hydroxyl group of inhibitors demonstrate reduced capacity for TgPNP inhibition. Catalytic discrimination against large 5' groups is consistent with the inability of TgPNP to catalyze the phosphorolysis of 5'-methylthioinosine to hypoxanthine. In contrast to mammalian PNP, the 2'-hydroxyl group is crucial for inhibitor binding in the catalytic site of TgPNP. This first crystal structure of TgPNP describes the basis for discrimination against 5'-methylthioinosine and similarly 5'-hydroxy-substituted immucillins; structural differences reflect the unique adaptations of purine salvage pathways of Apicomplexa.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Purine nucleoside phosphorylase
A, B
279Toxoplasma gondiiMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PNP
EC: 2.4.2.1
Find proteins for Q2HXR2 (Toxoplasma gondii)
Go to Gene View: PNP
Go to UniProtKB:  Q2HXR2
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
IMH
Query on IMH

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
1,4-DIDEOXY-4-AZA-1-(S)-(9-DEAZAHYPOXANTHIN-9-YL)-D-RIBITOL
C11 H14 N4 O4
IWKXDMQDITUYRK-KUBHLMPHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.243 
  • R-Value Work: 0.221 
  • Space Group: P 6
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 159.622α = 90.00
b = 159.622β = 90.00
c = 53.606γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-04-06
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2014-04-02
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2014-05-14
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.4: 2017-11-08
    Type: Refinement description