3M9V

X-ray Structure of a KijD3 in Complex with dTDP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.221 
  • R-Value Work: 0.168 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.171 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

X-ray structure of kijd3, a key enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of D-kijanose.

Bruender, N.A.Thoden, J.B.Holden, H.M.

(2010) Biochemistry 49: 3517-3524

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi100318v
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3M9V

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • D-kijanose is an unusual nitrosugar found attached to the antibiotic kijanimicin. Ten enzymes are required for its production in Actinomadura kijaniata, a soil-dwelling actinomycete. The focus of this investigation is on the protein encoded by the kijd3 gene and hereafter referred to as KijD3 ...

    D-kijanose is an unusual nitrosugar found attached to the antibiotic kijanimicin. Ten enzymes are required for its production in Actinomadura kijaniata, a soil-dwelling actinomycete. The focus of this investigation is on the protein encoded by the kijd3 gene and hereafter referred to as KijD3. On the basis of amino acid sequence analyses, KijD3 has been proposed to be an FAD-dependent oxidoreductase, which catalyzes the sixth step in d-kijanose biosynthesis by converting dTDP-3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-4-keto-3-methyl-d-glucose into its C-3' nitro derivative. This putative activity, however, has never been demonstrated in vivo or in vitro. Here we report the first structural study of this enzyme. For our investigation, crystals of KijD3 were grown in the presence of dTDP, and the structure was solved to 2.05-A resolution. The enzyme is a tetramer with each subunit folding into three distinct regions: a five alpha-helical bundle, an eight-stranded beta-sheet, and a second five alpha-helical bundle. The dTDP moiety is anchored to the protein via the side chains of Glu 113, Gln 254, and Arg 330. The overall fold of KijD3 places it into the well-characterized fatty acyl-CoA dehydrogenase superfamily. There is a decided cleft in each subunit with the appropriate dimensions to accommodate a dTDP-linked sugar. Strikingly, the loop defined by Phe 383 to Ala 388, which projects into the active site, contains two adjacent cis-peptide bonds, Pro 386 and Tyr 387. Activity assays demonstrate that KijD3 requires FAD for activity and that it produces a hydroxylamino product. The molecular architecture of KijD3 described in this report serves as a paradigm for a new family of enzymes that function on dTDP-linked sugar substrates.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
FAD-dependent oxidoreductaseA439Actinomadura kijaniataMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: KijD3
Find proteins for B3TMR1 (Actinomadura kijaniata)
Explore B3TMR1 
Go to UniProtKB:  B3TMR1
Protein Feature View
Expand
 ( Mouse scroll to zoom / Hold left click to move )
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
TYD
Query on TYD

Download CCD File 
A
THYMIDINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N2 O11 P2
UJLXYODCHAELLY-XLPZGREQSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.221 
  • R-Value Work: 0.168 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.171 
  • Space Group: I 2 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 72.948α = 90
b = 82.487β = 90
c = 153.22γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
FRAMBOdata collection
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
SAINTdata reduction
SADABSdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-04-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-08
    Changes: Refinement description