3LLO

Crystal structure of the STAS domain of motor protein prestin (anion transporter SLC26A5)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.57 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.196 
  • R-Value Work: 0.154 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of the cytosolic portion of the motor protein prestin and functional role of the STAS domain in SLC26/SulP anion transporters.

Pasqualetto, E.Aiello, R.Gesiot, L.Bonetto, G.Bellanda, M.Battistutta, R.

(2010) J.Mol.Biol. 400: 448-462

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2010.05.013
  • Also Cited By: 5EUX, 5EZB, 5EUZ, 5EUW, 5EUU, 5EUS

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Prestin is the motor protein responsible for the somatic electromotility of cochlear outer hair cells and is essential for normal hearing sensitivity and frequency selectivity of mammals. Prestin is a member of mammalian solute-linked carrier 26 (SLC ...

    Prestin is the motor protein responsible for the somatic electromotility of cochlear outer hair cells and is essential for normal hearing sensitivity and frequency selectivity of mammals. Prestin is a member of mammalian solute-linked carrier 26 (SLC26) anion exchangers, a family of membrane proteins capable of transporting a wide variety of monovalent and divalent anions. SLC26 transporters play important roles in normal human physiology in different tissues, and many of them are involved in genetic diseases. SLC26 and related SulP transporters carry a hydrophobic membrane core and a C-terminal cytosolic portion that is essential in plasma membrane targeting and protein function. This C-terminal portion is mainly composed of a STAS (sulfate transporters and anti-sigma factor antagonist) domain, whose name is due to a remote but significant sequence similarity with bacterial ASA (anti-sigma factor antagonist) proteins. Here we present the crystal structure at 1.57 A resolution of the cytosolic portion of prestin, the first structure of a SulP transporter STAS domain, and its characterization in solution by heteronuclear multidimensional NMR spectroscopy. Prestin STAS significantly deviates from the related bacterial ASA proteins, especially in the N-terminal region, which-although previously considered merely as a generic linker between the domain and the last transmembrane helix-is indeed fully part of the domain. Hence, unexpectedly, our data reveal that the STAS domain starts immediately after the last transmembrane segment and lies beneath the lipid bilayer. A structure-function analysis suggests that this model can be a general template for most SLC26 and SulP anion transporters and supports the notion that STAS domains are involved in functionally important intramolecular and intermolecular interactions. Mapping of disease-associated or functionally harmful mutations on STAS structure indicates that they can be divided into two categories: those causing significant misfolding of the domain and those altering its interaction properties.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Padua, via Marzolo 1, 35131 Padua, Italy.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Prestin
A
143Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Slc26a5 (Pres)
Find proteins for Q9EPH0 (Rattus norvegicus)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9EPH0
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
BOG
Query on BOG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
B-OCTYLGLUCOSIDE
C14 H28 O6
HEGSGKPQLMEBJL-RKQHYHRCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.57 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.196 
  • R-Value Work: 0.154 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 61.590α = 90.00
b = 61.590β = 90.00
c = 67.130γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SHELXphasing
ADSCdata collection
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
PHASERphasing
SHELXDphasing
DMphasing
SCALAdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-05-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-08-23
    Type: Refinement description, Source and taxonomy