3KR6

MurA dead-end complex with fosfomycin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.188 
  • R-Value Work: 0.160 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The fungal product terreic acid is a covalent inhibitor of the bacterial cell wall biosynthetic enzyme UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 1-carboxyvinyltransferase (MurA) .

Han, H.Yang, Y.Olesen, S.H.Becker, A.Betzi, S.Schonbrunn, E.

(2010) Biochemistry 49: 4276-4282

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi100365b
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Terreic acid is a metabolite with antibiotic properties produced by the fungus Aspergillus terreus. We found that terreic acid is a covalent inhibitor of the bacterial cell wall biosynthetic enzyme MurA from Enterobacter cloacae and Escherichia coli ...

    Terreic acid is a metabolite with antibiotic properties produced by the fungus Aspergillus terreus. We found that terreic acid is a covalent inhibitor of the bacterial cell wall biosynthetic enzyme MurA from Enterobacter cloacae and Escherichia coli in vitro. The crystal structure of the MurA dead-end complex with terreic acid revealed that the quinine ring is covalently attached to the thiol group of Cys115, the molecular target of the antibiotic fosfomycin. Kinetic characterization established that the inactivation requires the presence of substrate UNAG (UDP-N-acetylglucosamine), proceeding with an inactivation rate constant k(inact) of 130 M(-1) s(-1). Although the mechanisms of inactivation are similar, fosfomycin is approximately 50 times more potent than terreic acid, and the structural consequences of covalent modification by these two inhibitors are fundamentally different. The MurA-fosfomycin complex exists in the closed enzyme conformation, with the Cys115-fosfomycin adduct buried in the active site. In contrast, the dead-end complex with terreic acid is open, is free of UNAG, and has the Cys115-terreic acid adduct solvent-exposed. It appears that terreic acid reacts with Cys115 in the closed, binary state of the enzyme, but that the resulting Cys115-terreic acid adduct imposes steric clashes in the active site. As a consequence, the loop containing Cys115 rearranges, the enzyme opens, and UNAG is released. The differential kinetic and structural characteristics of MurA inactivation by terreic acid and fosfomycin reflect the importance of noncovalent binding potential, even for covalent inhibitors, in ensuring inactivation efficiency and specificity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Drug Discovery Department, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, Florida 33612, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 1-carboxyvinyltransferase
A
419Escherichia coli (strain K12)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: murA (murZ)
EC: 2.5.1.7
Find proteins for P0A749 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Go to UniProtKB:  P0A749
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FFQ
Query on FFQ

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
[(1R)-1-hydroxypropyl]phosphonic acid
Fosfomycin, bound form
C3 H9 O4 P
MVIJUJBSAAUHEM-GSVOUGTGSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
UD1
Query on UD1

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
URIDINE-DIPHOSPHATE-N-ACETYLGLUCOSAMINE
C17 H27 N3 O17 P2
LFTYTUAZOPRMMI-CFRASDGPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
IAS
Query on IAS
A
L-beta-peptide, C-gamma linkingC4 H7 N O4

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.188 
  • R-Value Work: 0.160 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 64.400α = 90.00
b = 61.800β = 90.00
c = 134.400γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
StructureStudiodata collection
XDSdata reduction
XDSdata scaling
CNSphasing
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2009-11-17 
  • Released Date: 2010-04-28 
  • Deposition Author(s): Schonbrunn, E.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-04-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-27
    Type: Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description