3KBC

Crystal structure of GltPh K55C-A364C mutant crosslinked with divalent mercury


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.51 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.270 
  • R-Value Work: 0.267 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.267 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Transport mechanism of a bacterial homologue of glutamate transporters.

Reyes, N.Ginter, C.Boudker, O.

(2009) Nature 462: 880-885

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature08616
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Glutamate transporters are integral membrane proteins that catalyse a thermodynamically uphill uptake of the neurotransmitter glutamate from the synaptic cleft into the cytoplasm of glia and neuronal cells by harnessing the energy of pre-existing ele ...

    Glutamate transporters are integral membrane proteins that catalyse a thermodynamically uphill uptake of the neurotransmitter glutamate from the synaptic cleft into the cytoplasm of glia and neuronal cells by harnessing the energy of pre-existing electrochemical gradients of ions. Crucial to the reaction is the conformational transition of the transporters between outward and inward facing states, in which the substrate binding sites are accessible from the extracellular space and the cytoplasm, respectively. Here we describe the crystal structure of a double cysteine mutant of a glutamate transporter homologue from Pyrococcus horikoshii, Glt(Ph), which is trapped in the inward facing state by cysteine crosslinking. Together with the previously determined crystal structures of Glt(Ph) in the outward facing state, the structure of the crosslinked mutant allows us to propose a molecular mechanism by which Glt(Ph) and, by analogy, mammalian glutamate transporters mediate sodium-coupled substrate uptake.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Weill Cornell Medical College, 1300 York Avenue, Box 75, New York, New York 10065, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
425aa long hypothetical proton glutamate symport protein
A, B, C
425Pyrococcus horikoshiiMutation(s): 10 
Gene Names: PH1295
Membrane protein
Mpstruc
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
Amino Acid Secondary Transporters
Protein: 
Glutamate Transporter Homologue (GltPh)
Find proteins for O59010 (Pyrococcus horikoshii (strain ATCC 700860 / DSM 12428 / JCM 9974 / NBRC 100139 / OT-3))
Go to UniProtKB:  O59010
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HG
Query on HG

Download CCD File 
A, B, C
MERCURY (II) ION
Hg
BQPIGGFYSBELGY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ASP
Query on ASP

Download CCD File 
A, B, C
ASPARTIC ACID
C4 H7 N O4
CKLJMWTZIZZHCS-REOHCLBHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download CCD File 
A, B, C
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.51 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.270 
  • R-Value Work: 0.267 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.267 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 113.142α = 90
b = 206.78β = 90
c = 205.971γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
CBASSdata collection
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-12-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Refinement description, Version format compliance