3HXT

Structure of human MTHFS


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.250 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural basis for the inhibition of human 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate synthetase by N10-substituted folate analogues

Wu, D.Li, Y.Song, G.Cheng, C.Zhang, R.Joachimiak, A.Shaw, N.Liu, Z.-J.

(2009) Cancer Res. 69: 7294-7301

  • DOI: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-09-1927
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • 5,10-Methenyltetrahydrofolate synthetase (MTHFS) regulates the flow of carbon through the one-carbon metabolic network, which supplies essential components for the growth and proliferation of cells. Inhibition of MTHFS in human MCF-7 breast cancer ce ...

    5,10-Methenyltetrahydrofolate synthetase (MTHFS) regulates the flow of carbon through the one-carbon metabolic network, which supplies essential components for the growth and proliferation of cells. Inhibition of MTHFS in human MCF-7 breast cancer cells has been shown to arrest the growth of cells. Absence of the three-dimensional structure of human MTHFS (hMTHFS) has hampered the rational design and optimization of drug candidates. Here, we report the structures of native hMTHFS, a binary complex of hMTHFS with ADP, hMTHFS bound with the N5-iminium phosphate reaction intermediate, and an enzyme-product complex of hMTHFS. The N5-iminium phosphate captured for the first time in our crystal structure unravels a unique strategy used by hMTHFS for recognition of the substrate and provides structural basis for the regulation of enzyme activity. Binding of N10-substituted folate analogues places Y152 in the middle of the channel connecting ATP binding site with the substrate binding pocket, precluding the positioning of gamma-phosphate for a nucleophilic attack. Using the structures of hMTHFS as a guide, we have probed the role of residues surrounding the active site in catalysis by mutagenesis. The ensemble of hMTHFS structures and the mutagenesis data yield a coherent picture of the MTHFS active site, determinants of substrate specificity, and new insights into the mechanism of inhibition of hMTHFS.


    Organizational Affiliation

    National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
5-formyltetrahydrofolate cyclo-ligase
A
203Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: MTHFS
EC: 6.3.3.2
Find proteins for P49914 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: MTHFS
Go to UniProtKB:  P49914
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NI
Query on NI

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
NICKEL (II) ION
Ni
VEQPNABPJHWNSG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.250 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 48.705α = 90.00
b = 145.122β = 90.00
c = 59.218γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
BALBESphasing
HKL-2000data scaling
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data collection
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-07-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance