3HVQ

Crystal structure of a complex between Protein Phosphatase 1 alpha (PP1) and the PP1 binding and PDZ domains of Neurabin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.221 
  • R-Value Work: 0.161 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.164 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Spinophilin directs protein phosphatase 1 specificity by blocking substrate binding sites.

Ragusa, M.J.Dancheck, B.Critton, D.A.Nairn, A.C.Page, R.Peti, W.

(2010) Nat Struct Mol Biol 17: 459-464

  • DOI: 10.1038/nsmb.1786
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3HVQ, 3EGG, 3EGH

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The serine/threonine protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) dephosphorylates hundreds of key biological targets. PP1 associates with >or=200 regulatory proteins to form highly specific holoenzymes. These regulatory proteins target PP1 to its point of action within the cell and prime its enzymatic specificity for particular substrates ...

    The serine/threonine protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) dephosphorylates hundreds of key biological targets. PP1 associates with >or=200 regulatory proteins to form highly specific holoenzymes. These regulatory proteins target PP1 to its point of action within the cell and prime its enzymatic specificity for particular substrates. However, how they direct PP1's specificity is not understood. Here we show that spinophilin, a neuronal PP1 regulator, is entirely unstructured in its unbound form, and it binds PP1 through a folding-upon-binding mechanism in an elongated fashion, blocking one of PP1's three putative substrate binding sites without altering its active site. This mode of binding is sufficient for spinophilin to restrict PP1's activity toward a model substrate in vitro without affecting its ability to dephosphorylate its neuronal substrate, glutamate receptor 1 (GluR1). Thus, our work provides the molecular basis for the ability of spinophilin to dictate PP1 substrate specificity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Pharmacology, Physiology and Biotechnology, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Serine/threonine-protein phosphatase PP1-alpha catalytic subunitA, B329Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PPP1APPP1CA
EC: 3.1.3.16
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P62136 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P62136 
Go to UniProtKB:  P62136
PHAROS:  P62136
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Neurabin-1C, D170Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Ppp1r9a
UniProt
Find proteins for O35867 (Rattus norvegicus)
Explore O35867 
Go to UniProtKB:  O35867
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.221 
  • R-Value Work: 0.161 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.164 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 120.864α = 90
b = 83.655β = 93.59
c = 108.797γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2010-03-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance