3HSR

Crystal structure of Staphylococcus aureus protein SarZ in mixed disulfide form


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.199 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structures of the reduced, sulfenic acid, and mixed disulfide forms of SarZ, a redox active global regulator in Staphylococcus aureus.

Poor, C.B.Chen, P.R.Duguid, E.Rice, P.A.He, C.

(2009) J Biol Chem 284: 23517-23524

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M109.015826
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3HRM, 3HSR, 3HSE

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • SarZ is a global transcriptional regulator that uses a single cysteine residue, Cys(13), to sense peroxide stress and control metabolic switching and virulence in Staphylococcus aureus. SarZ belongs to the single-cysteine class of OhrR-MgrA proteins that play key roles in oxidative resistance and virulence regulation in various bacteria ...

    SarZ is a global transcriptional regulator that uses a single cysteine residue, Cys(13), to sense peroxide stress and control metabolic switching and virulence in Staphylococcus aureus. SarZ belongs to the single-cysteine class of OhrR-MgrA proteins that play key roles in oxidative resistance and virulence regulation in various bacteria. We present the crystal structures of the reduced form, sulfenic acid form, and mixed disulfide form of SarZ. Both the sulfenic acid and mixed disulfide forms are structurally characterized for the first time for this class of proteins. The Cys(13) sulfenic acid modification is stabilized through two hydrogen bonds with surrounding residues, and the overall DNA-binding conformation is retained. A further reaction of the Cys(13) sulfenic acid with an external thiol leads to formation of a mixed disulfide bond, which results in an allosteric change in the DNA-binding domains, disrupting DNA binding. Thus, the crystal structures of SarZ in three different states provide molecular level pictures delineating the mechanism by which this class of redox active regulators undergoes activation. These structures help to understand redox-mediated virulence regulation in S. aureus and activation of the MarR family proteins in general.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
HTH-type transcriptional regulator sarZA, B, C, D140Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus str. NewmanMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: NWMN_2286
Find proteins for A0A0H3KA72 (Staphylococcus aureus (strain Newman))
Explore A0A0H3KA72 
Go to UniProtKB:  A0A0H3KA72
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.199 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 38.24α = 64.4
b = 62.84β = 75.81
c = 67.2γ = 82.58
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
Blu-Icedata collection
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-07-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Source and taxonomy, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-01
    Changes: Refinement description